Adam Isacson

Still trying to understand Latin America, my own country, and why so few consequences are intended. These views are not necessarily my employer’s.

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Latin America Security-Related News: June 28-29, 2022

(Even more here)

June 29, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

Consisting of five separate booklets, the World Drug Report 2022 provides an in-depth analysis of global drug markets and examines the nexus between drugs and the environment within the bigger picture of the Sustainable Development Goals, climate change and environmental sustainability

Brazil

Before the deaths of Dom Phillips and Bruno Pereira, Chico Mendes’ murder in 1988 and Dorothy Stang’s assassination in 2005 shook Brazil

Colombia

Al dejar su cargo hace menos de tres meses, expresó que como comisionado fue estigmatizado por su vida en la milicia

Después de semanas de especulación sobre su futuro en el nuevo gobierno, el comandante dijo que dejará el cargo a partir del 20 de Julio, cuando se instale el nuevo Congreso

Con expectativa y algo de incredulidad fueron recibidas las respuestas del presidente electo Gustavo Petro, durante la entrevista que le concedió a Cambio sobre cómo será su relación con la fuerza pública

El informe final ofrece propuestas para cambiar la cultura de la guerra del país por una que promueva la paz

A special truth commission criticized Colombia’s security forces and the United States for their role in a half-century conflict that left at least 450,000 people dead

The truth commission, appointed as part of the 2016 peace deal between the government and rebel groups, recommended authorities stop focusing on prohibiting illicit drugs

Militarización, poder sobre las armas a civiles, hacer de la Policía un cuerpo para atacar la violencia, apoyo de paramilitares, fomentar la doctrina militar con el enfoque del enemigo interno, entre otros

El saliente ministro de Defensa, Diego Molano, deberá entregar información sobre el destino de ocho millones de dólares donados por Estados Unidos a la Policía

Dice que las rentas del tráfico de cocaína tienen relación estructural y orgánica con la economía.

  • Gwen Burnyeat, Petro Wins (London Review of Books, June 29, 2022).

Petro’s win, like the election of Gabriel Boric in Chile, means change for the region

Read More

Supply and demand

Here’s what it looks like when you chart out Table 8.3 in the just-released 2022 UNODC World Drug Report. This is the average price of a gram of cocaine sold on U.S. streets over the 31 years between 1990 and 2020, in 2020 inflation-adjusted dollars, adjusted for purity.

Two things stand out:

  • If the purpose of “supply side” drug policy is to make cocaine scarcer, it has largely failed to do so. The only moment when cocaine prices were a bit higher than usual—indicating some relative scarcity—was the late 2000s and early-to-mid 2010s. That was a time when aerial fumigation was declining in Colombia, and manual eradication and territorial governance efforts were increasing.
  • The White House’s last update on Andean cocaine showed the region’s total potential production of the drug increasing from 1,521 tons in 2016 to 2,132 tons in 2020. That’s a 40% potential supply increase. But this chart shows almost no decrease in price over those four years, just $6, or 3 percent. That probably tells us that the Andes’ big increase in coca and cocaine production is going to other countries’ drug markets, not to the United States, where there’s some balance between supply and demand.

The Wrong Man at the Wrong Time

After about 2 1/2 years, the commander of Colombia’s army, Gen. Eduardo Zapateiro, is leaving. This is not a bad thing. His exit is long overdue.

Why overdue? I can’t speak to the corruption allegations President-Elect Gustavo Petro hints at here, in a June 25 interview with Colombia’s Cambio magazine.

Rather, Gen. Zapateiro has been most problematic because of his public messaging on human rights and civil-military relations.

The General posted this charming tweet, a video of slithering snakes, the day after Colombia’s transitional justice tribunal (the Special Jurisdiction for Peace, JEP) published findings that the armed forces had killed 6,402 civilians between 2002 and 2008, falsely counting most victims as armed-group members killed in combat.

The investigators and JEP personnel denouncing “false positives,” you see, were reptiles.

Here’s the General, at one of the most intense moments of Colombia’s 2021 National Strike protests, calling the feared ESMAD riot police “heroes in black,” urging them to “keep working in the same manner that you have been.” At the time, the ESMAD were killing many protesters, and maiming dozens more.

Following a March 2022 raid in which soldiers likely killed at least 4 non-combatants, the General said, “This isn’t the first operation in which pregnant women and minors get killed.”

When candidate Petro, on Twitter, accused officers of colluding w/ the neo-paramilitary Gulf Clan, the General made a highly irregular foray into electoral politics, reviving an accusation that Petro had taken a cash bribe (charges were dropped in 2021).

Gen. Eduardo Zapateiro sent damaging messages on human rights. His public statements made the armed forces appear improperly aligned with a specific political ideology.

Meanwhile, Colombia’s insecurity measures worsened, and armed groups proliferated. So no, I won’t miss him.

Latin America Security-Related News: June 27, 2022

(Even more here)

June 27, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

UN human rights experts* have called on the international community to bring an end to the so-called “war on drugs” and promote drug policies that are firmly anchored in human rights

The Biden administration had instructed ICE agents to focus on immigrants who were considered a threat. But a judge’s order means millions more could now be targeted for deportation

Brazil

Brazil leads the world in the number of murders linked to land rights and environmental issues, with most of them occurring in the Amazon

Colombia

The relevance of this case-study goes well beyond the army operation in March or Comandos de la Frontera. It illustrates the difficulty of assessing armed groups in highly dynamic contexts

El Informe Final que el país conocerá mañana tendrá capítulos que ninguna otra comisión de la verdad en el mundo ha incluido: género y población LGBTIQ+, étnico, exilio y testimonial

The former paramilitary commander and drug lord, alias “Memo Fantasma,” may walk out of prison in Colombia on June 28

Gimena Sánchez-Garzoli, director for the Andes at the Washington Office on Latin America, joins Ryan Grim to discuss what Petro’s election means and how it happened

Integrantes de la coalición del Pacto Histórico han trabajado en una propuesta para acelerar la implementación del Acuerdo de Paz y otros temas urgentes para cerrar los ciclos de violencia que vive Colombia

Demuestra que las nuevas generaciones de Colombia creen en una salida institucional a las demandas sociales de la población

El nuevo gobierno empieza a pensar, basado en la premisa de que no hay enemigo interno, en unas Fuerzas Armadas que se concentren ya no en la guerra sino en la construcción de la paz

Primera entrevista del presidente electo Gustavo Petro. Habla de su reunión con Álvaro Uribe, de los acuerdos políticos y la inconformidad en sus filas, de sus relaciones con los militares y la Policía, de una propuesta para modificar la extradición

Más que desaparecerlo, lo que se espera es que cambie la figura por una que no sea una amenaza para la comunidad, pero sí pueda actuar en situaciones graves de orden público

Viajará hasta Washington para conversar con la vicepresidenta de Estados Unidos

Colombia, U.S.-Mexico Border

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Dominican Republic, Haiti

El Cuerpo Especializado de Seguridad Fronteriza Te­rrestre (Cesfront) informó que tres haitianos resulta­ron heridos por balines de goma, en momentos que intentaron agredir a un miembro del Ejército

Ecuador

Ecuador’s government and indigenous leaders met on Saturday for the first formal talks since mass protests began two weeks ago, and President Guillermo Lasso eased security measures

As in 2019, when pre-pandemic protests led by the Indigenous brought Ecuador to a standstill, organizers are harnessing frustration over fuel prices

El Salvador

Varios de ellos son los que llevaron las negociaciones del pacto entre el gobierno salvadoreño y la pandilla M-S13. Sus testimonios en cortes estadounidenses podrían abrir para el presidente un camino similar al del hondureño Juan Orlando Hernández

Honduras

He defends the reinstatement of more than 2,000 officers, attributing the decision to the institution’s being shorthanded

Mexico

Organizaciones independientes estiman que, entre 2006 y 2021, se han denunciado más de 27,000 casos de tortura en México, similar al número registrado en la cruenta dictadura militar de Chile. Pero los expertos advierten que la cifra podría ser mucho mayor

Se les entregaron documentos migratorios por razones humanitarias, para un tránsito regular por territorio nacional

Dysfunction

I just updated this slide for a talk I’m giving tomorrow, and… wow. The U.S. government has confirmed ambassadors serving in South American countries containing less than a quarter of South America’s population. (105 million out of 431 million people, according to WolframAlpha.)

There’s something to keep in mind the next time you hear a U.S. official, or U.S. senator whose job it is to confirm nominees, rending their garments about China’s growing influence in the hemisphere.

Adding up the pro-Petro coalition in Colombia’s new Congress

Surprisingly (to me, anyway), the congressional delegations of three of Colombia’s mainstream political parties have lined up in support of the left government of President-Elect Gustavo Petro.

By my best count—which could be off by a bit, and is subject to constant change—Gustavo Petro’s pro-government coalition now includes 78 of 108 senators, and 135 of 188 House members. Here, I added yellow highlights to graphics created by El Tiempo to show, as best as I can approximate, what the incoming President’s majorities look like:

The Liberal Party, led by former president César Gaviria, announced its support for the incoming government on June 22, joining the Green Party, Petro’s Pacto Histórico, Comunes (the former FARC), at least 9 of the 16 legislators representing special temporary districts for victims, a result of the peace accord, and some smaller parties.

On June 25, 14 senators and 25 House members from the Conservative Party signed a declaration reading, “We will not be an opposition party, and we declare our support for the legislative agenda that the incoming government proposes.”

On June 26, the “La U” party—which backed every sitting government since its creation in 2005—declared its decision “to be part of the government’s parliamentary coalition.”

Cambio Radical, another traditional center-right party, has yet to declare that it will back Petro’s government, but it has not closed the door.

The only large party now clearly in opposition to Petro’s incoming government is the far-right Centro Democrático of ex-president Álvaro Uribe and outgoing President Iván Duque. Petro and Uribe are likely to meet this week.

Latin America-related events online and in Washington this week

Monday, June 27, 2022

Tuesday, June 28, 2022

  • 12:00 at YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram: []Transmisión Virtual del Acto Público de Presentación del Informe Final de la Comisión de la Verdad](https://twitter.com/ComisionVerdadC/status/1537140383175438337).
  • 12:30-2:00 at thedialogue.org: Low-Carbon Hydrogen in LAC – Prospects and Pathways (RSVP required).

Wednesday, June 29, 2022

Thursday, June 30, 2022

Colombia: I hope someone’s taking notes

If you have the time—say, an extra hour or two per day—this week is an amazing moment to start chronicling the Gustavo Petro presidency in Colombia. Whatever you think of Petro and his coalition, it’s a historic break, and it’s going to be an epic, roller-coaster narrative.

Who are the main characters in this drama and what motivates them? Where is there friction within the coalition? How might daily life and power relations change in Latin America’s third most-populous country? Who is being given a voice who never had it before? How does the conservative traditionalist bloc resist? Where will the armed forces come down? How do the United States and other foreign powers respond, and why? What mistakes do Petro and his coalition commit, and why? Do they cling to their ideals or does power corrupt? What will this four-year story tell us about politics and human relations at this moment of economic, racial, climate, and justice crisis in our hemisphere? In the world?

Sounds expansive, I know, but what a huge and dramatic story. If you were ever looking for a subject for a book, a blog, a podcast series, a video product, or a combination of all of the above and more, this is a big one, and now is when to start taking copious notes.

Act I (Petro’s and Francia’s campaign and the conditions that made possible a left victory in Colombia) has just ended. But Act II just started this week, and now is the time to jump aboard, for anyone who has the time and inclination to interpret this story.

I haven’t aged a bit

A colleague at the Institute for Policy Studies sent me this photo from October 2007, when Colombian President-Elect Gustavo Petro won the organization’s Letelier-Moffitt Human Rights Award.

Latin America Security-Related News: June 17, 2022

(Even more here)

June 17, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

At the end of 2021, 89.3 million individuals worldwide were forcibly displaced as a result of persecution, conflict, violence, human rights violations or events seriously disturbing public order.

Latin America is stuck in a development trap, argues Michael Reid

The US is touting the resettlement of 20,000 refugees from this hemisphere as a bold deliverable when there are 5 MILLION REFUGEES from Venezuela alone

Brazil

Bruno Pereira highlighted the ravaging of the rainforest and abuse of human rights. Dom told his story. We should honour them

Brazil, Colombia, Peru

A key police outpost lies in ruins after a daring raid – a sign of the growing danger in an increasingly lucrative smuggling route

Colombia

Con más de 20 capturas, decenas de allanamientos y otros procedimientos, la Policía arremetió contra líderes de las protestas del paro nacional del 2021

Will the historically conservative country select its first leftist president? Or will it take a gamble on a political outsider?

Neither candidate has a clear plan to contain rising levels of conflict and armed violence in the countryside

Colombia, Panama

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Guatemala

El proyecto, que fue apoyado por todos los integrantes de la Comisión de la Defensa, propone que se otorgue un aporte total de Q36 mil, durante tres años, a cada miembro del personal de tropa que prestó servicio militar durante el conflicto armado interno

“The desire is to erase any legacy, any vestige” of anticorruption efforts, said political analyst Edgar Gutiérrez. “They are constructing an authoritarian state”

Haiti

Helen La Lime, the top U.N. official in Haiti, said insecurity is rapidly deteriorating in the country of more than 11 million people, with an average of almost seven kidnappings reported a day

Honduras

En las últimas horas, la Policía Militar del Orden Público (PMOP), bajo control de las Fuerzas Armadas, ha realizado operaciones de saturación en diferentes barrios de Tegucigalpa

Mexico

La Comisión Estatal de Derechos Humanos reveló este jueves que recibieron mil 500 reclamos de migrantes venezolanos por robo, maltrato y discriminación

U.S.-Mexico Border

The announcement comes as Congress investigates the removal of damaging findings from reports on domestic violence and sexual misconduct by department employees

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“These coins anger me because the hateful images on them have no place in a professional law enforcement agency,” CBP Commissioner Chris Magnus said

Immigration arrests along the U.S. southern border rose in May to the highest levels ever recorded, as growing numbers of migrants arrived from outside the Western Hemisphere, U.S. Customs and Border Protection figures show

This update is based on interviews with 74 asylum seekers conducted by Human Rights First researchers in Ciudad Acuña, Nuevo Laredo, and Piedras Negras, Mexico

Latin America Security-Related News: June 16, 2022

(Even more here)

June 16, 2022

Brazil

Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s president, risks losing his October bid for re-election. If he disputes the result, his shrinking but increasingly far-right support base might take to the streets. State institutions should prepare to deal with baseless fraud accusations and to curb possible violence

The announcement appeared to bring a grim conclusion to the disappearance of journalist Dom Phillips and former government official Bruno Pereira

Amarildo da Costa de Oliveira, 41, nicknamed Pelado, told officers he used a firearm to kill Pereira and Phillips

Colombia

Los grupos armados que se lucran del narcotráfico avanzaron en los últimos años sobre las fronteras con Venezuela, Ecuador y Panamá

MAPP/OEA expresa su altísima preocupación por la persistencia de acciones violentas por parte de grupos armados ilegales que afectan gravemente a las comunidades

Con estas detenciones el Fiscal General de la Nación mantiene una política de persecución, estigmatización y judicialización de la protesta social a los líderes sociales que acompañan las justas protestas

El sector de veteranos de la Fuerza Pública que adhirió a Gustavo Petro no lo ayuda a despolitizar sus propuestas de reforma a esta institución

Rodolfo Hernández bills himself as a paragon of democracy and a successful businessman who cares for the poor. A trip to Bucaramanga, the mountain-fringed city where he built his empire, reveals a different picture

El Salvador

InSight Crime focuses on the stories of Elvis and Flaca, two former gang members who left the MS13 for the church. Their experiences with violence, abortion and homosexuality reflect both what divides and unites these two ways of life

Mexico

Una sargento narra a EL PAÍS las trabas y el riesgo de acusar a un superior de una agresión sufrida en las instalaciones militares

Entregar la Guardia Nacional a la SEDENA sería el último clavo en el ataúd del Estado democrático de derecho

Cientos de migrantes siguen varados en la Central de Autobuses de Monterrey la mañana de este miércoles, casi 24 horas después de haber sido dejados a su suerte por autoridades del Instituto Nacional de Migración

U.S.-Mexico Border

When I learned of the death of Anastasio Hernández-Rojas, I felt I was in some way connected to it – I knew too much about how the system worked

May’s tally of migrant arrests surpassed the previous monthly record U.S. Border Patrol set in March 2000, when the agency recorded 220,000 apprehensions

More asylum seekers are risking their lives to cross deserts or trek over mountains to reach the U.S. during perilous summer months

The number of unique individuals encountered nationwide in May 2022 was 177,793, a 15 percent increase in the number of unique enforcement encounters over the prior month

Thousands of kids have been routinely detained in cold, overcrowded cells built for adults, while authorities have resisted improving conditions

Venezuela

To date, over 6.1 million have left their homes, of which 5 million are in the Americas

If implemented well, a mechanism allowing interested civil society actors to participate directly or indirectly could benefit future negotiations between political actors in Venezuela

The Nicolás Maduro regime has been exploiting the growth of armed groups in Venezuela, encouraging the strengthening of some illegal groups considered useful for social control and repression

Latin America Security-Related News: June 15, 2022

(Even more here)

June 15, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

Eduardo Núñez, director del programa de Seguridad Pública en Centroamérica del NDI, señala que los mecanismos internacionales deben reinventarse

Los acuerdos que firmaron Estados Unidos y países de América Latina en la Cumbre de las Américas sobre el derecho de asilo, las causas del desplazamiento o las alternativas legales para la migración son positivos, pero también hay muchas interrogantes

Carolina Jiménez Sandoval, president of WOLA, says that the recent Summit of the Americas failed to include a deep reflection or debate on how to curb authoritarianism

Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay

El Primer Comando Capital no es un grupo criminal tradicional. Sus miembros se definen como una “hermandad”

Argentina, Venezuela

Los posibles vínculos de la firma de Irán que manejaba la nave con una fuerza militar considerada terrorista. El enigma de la tripulación y los viajes previos

Brazil

Suspect is brother of first person held by police over disappearance of the British journalist and Indigenous rights activist

Central America Regional

This report, informed by the Dialogue’s Task Force on Climate Change in the Northern Triangle, complements the recommendations of the previous report in the series, on themes such as agriculture, water, energy, and finance, with strategic recommendations for US assistance to foster effective and sustainable adaptation, especially through empowering local leadership

Colombia

Un informe publicado por decenas de organizaciones sociales, bajo la Coordinación Colombia Europa Estados Unidos, raja al gobierno de Iván Duque en derechos humanos e implementación de la paz

El candidato de izquierdas les promete vivienda, salud y educación como parte de su propuesta de transformación de la fuerza pública

Los habitantes de varios municipios en los departamentos de Cauca, Nariño, Caquetá y Guaviare han vivido en las últimas semanas con temor ante las amenazas de disidencias de las Farc que estarían presionándolos en su intención de voto en las elecciones de este 19 de junio

Those concerns came to a head in January, when a military spouse anonymously texted a senior enlisted leader in 1st Security Force Assistance Brigade and directly accused an advising team in Tolemaida, Colombia, of debauchery

Cuba

Of those, 36 people were sentenced to up to 25 years in prison for sedition

El Salvador

Llamamos a la comunidad internacional a seguir vigilando de cerca la situación de El Salvador y a exigir al Estado salvadoreño el cumplimiento de sus compromisos internacionales en materia de respeto a los derechos humanos

Guatemala

Fiscalía contra la Corrupción asegura que no encontró indicios para poder perseguir penalmente al exmandatario

Haiti

Many of the customers are Haitians who had been living in Chile and Brazil before they made their way to the Texas border in September, only to be expelled by the Biden administration and prevented from seeking asylum

Haiti, U.S.-Mexico Border

Customs and Border Protection’s Office of Professional Responsibility is investigating the creation of the coins and whether anyone at CBP is selling them

Mexico

The Mexican state of Veracruz hired a prominent lawyer to recover billions laundered in the Houston suburbs. Then things went awry

Colectivos presentan “amicus curiae” para respaldar acción de inconstitucionalidad en contra de las leyes secundarias del cuerpo de seguridad

Se transformó el tipo de violencias ejercidas hacia las mujeres. Es decir, con la estrategia militarizada, México se volvió un país armado. Tenemos un país altamente armado y eso tiene consecuencias muy puntuales

Durante casi cinco horas dispararon, quemaron vehículos, bloquearon calles, tomaron el control de una parte de San Cristóbal de Las Casas y, hasta que empezó la lluvia, o se hartaron, se fueron sin que ninguna autoridad se presentara en la zona afectada

Panama

La Defensoría del Pueblo de Colombia alertó este lunes, 13 de junio, que en mayo pasaron por el Darién, frontera de Colombia y Panamá, 210 niños sin compañía de adultos

Panama, Venezuela

La organización ha atendido a 100 pacientes por violencia sexual, y en salud mental se atienden en promedio siete pacientes cada día por problemas asociados a ansiedad, depresión, estrés agudo y otras afectaciones que deja el peligroso trayecto del tapón del Darién

U.S.-Mexico Border

Beacons placed in desert for those making dangerous crossing from Mexico in summer

The initial evidence from just six months of operation under MPP 2.0 is that history is largely repeating itself

Latin America Security-Related News: June 14, 2022

(Even more here)

June 14, 2022

Argentina, Venezuela

Until being sold to Emtrasur about a year ago, the plane had been owned by Mahan Air of Iran, a line the U.S. government has sanctioned for allegedly aiding the Quds Force and terrorist activities

Brazil

A meeting between the two presidents in Los Angeles foreshadowed bigger trouble ahead, as Bolsonaro looks set to challenge the vote

Colombia

Some politicians and business people fear Petro’s potential triumph could spark mutiny among the military, but eleven active officials from the army, air force, navy and police Reuters spoke to all ruled out that possibility

Jurisdicción le imputó ese delito a los excomandantes y ellos se negarán a aceptarlo

La Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz (JEP) acaba de reprender al director del Centro Nacional de Memoria Histórica, Darío Acevedo, por querer olvidar a propósito el papel del paramilitarismo en el conflicto armado colombiano

El gobierno de Iván Duque señala que la muerte de este líder de las disidencias de las Farc en el Cauca representa un triunfo para la seguridad

Hasta el momento se desconoce el paradero de Omar, quien es integrante del Comité Veredal del Consejo Comunitario y funge como sepulturero en la comunidad

El Salvador

Entre los militares entrevistados para este reportaje reina el miedo a las represalias y algunos ya dan por hecho que, aunque la Constitución del país prohíbe la reelección, Bukele comenzará su segundo mandato en 2024

Guatemala

El elevado costo de la canasta básica ha puesto en riesgo la seguridad alimentaria de millones de guatemaltecos, según cifras oficiales

Mexico

Tuvimos 35,500 militares desplegados en promedio anual en tareas de seguridad pública en el sexenio de Vicente Fox y para mayo de 2022 el número llegó a 239,865

Desde la madrugada de este lunes, los migrantes de origen venezolano y cubano, en su mayoría, además de colombianos, haitianos y centroamericanos, comenzaron a abarrotar las calles de acceso del INAMI y de COMAR

Diversos ataques provocaron que 257 personas perdieran la vida de manera violenta durante el fin de semana pasado

Nicaragua

The U.S. remains deeply concerned about the regime’s unjust detentions of political prisoners and ongoing abuses against members of civil society, and committed to the restoration of democracy and respect for human rights in Nicaragua

U.S.-Mexico Border

For months, agents have warned that morale within the ranks of the federal law enforcement organization is sinking, but the last shreds of spirit have since been dashed by outright animosity from the Biden administration

Uruguay

Horas después la muy reciente aprobación unánime del acuerdo de Defensa de Uruguay con China, rápidamente votada en la Comisión de Relaciones Internacionales del Senado, el Parlamento decidió no continuar

Latin America Security-Related News: June 13, 2022

(Even more here)

June 13, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

The Summit of the Americas, hosted this year by Joe Biden, offers a measure of how far the U.S. has fallen

China’s powerful banks and state-owned enterprises have long been expanding their influence in the hemisphere

We remain committed to collectively leveraging the benefits of migration while addressing its challenges in countries and communities of origin, transit, destination, and return

President Biden is trying to confront repeated surges of migrants at the U.S. border by casting the issue as a problem for the entire region, not just the United States

Argentina

El Estado Mayor Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas argentinas ha iniciado las gestiones para incorporar cuatro helicópteros pesados Boeing CH-47 Chinook

As in the rest of Latin America, Chinese businesses in Argentina lack transparency and have many close relationships with political sectors

Argentina, Venezuela

A Irán le vendría muy bien acceder a la tecnología, que la Argentina domina, que le permitiría obtener plutonio 239 y cerrar el ciclo para el uso militar de la energía nuclear. En lenguaje liso y llano, la bomba

Bolivia

Áñez was convicted by the court of dereliction of duty and acting against the constitution when she proclaimed herself president in what Morales and his party have called a coup

Brazil

The leaders of Brazil’s armed forces have suddenly begun raising similar doubts about the integrity of the elections, despite little evidence of past fraud, ratcheting up already high tensions

Bruno Pereira and Dom Phillips went missing in the western Amazon, but the search has been called inefficient

A main line of police investigation into the disappearance of a British journalist and an Indigenous official in the Amazon points to an international network that pays poor fishermen to fish illegally in Brazil’s second-largest Indigenous territory

Colombia

El ambiente político de los ex combatientes y cómo poco a poco han quedado desolados ante la creciente de las elecciones presidenciales

Luego de que la Corte Constitucional tumbó en enero pasado el Plan de Manejo Ambiental aprobado por la Autoridad Nacional de Licencias Ambientales (Anla), esta entidad estudia uno nuevo en medio de lo que las organizaciones califican como un trámite exprés que no cumple con los requisitos establecidos

Un informe presentado por la Comisión Colombiana de Juristas ante la JEP afirma que la Fiscalía tiene identificados a miembros del Ejército, la Policía y agentes del DAS que habrían participado de crímenes contra defensores de derechos humanos

Vorágine revela la declaración que un exsoldado dio ante un fiscal, en la que da detalles de una alianza entre los paramilitares y una unidad que estaba en cabeza del hoy comandante del Ejército cuando era capitán

Será una prueba de fuego para la democracia colombiana y demandará mucha responsabilidad y prudencia de todos los actores que la integran

De llegar a la presidencia, Gustavo Petro tendrá un reto mayor: establecer una relación armónica y transformadora con las Fuerzas Armadas. No será fácil. Las prevenciones y las distancias son enormes

El cabecilla del frente 36 salió de su refugio en el Norte de Antioquia, al parecer por grave enfermedad, y fue dado de baja en el Valle de Aburrá

The United States is about to lose its best friend in Latin America

El Salvador, Honduras

La viceministra de seguridad, Julissa Villanueva, considera que adoptar la política agresiva de seguridad del presidente de El Salvador, Nayib Bukele, bajo el denominado “Plan Control Territorial”

Haiti, Mexico

Two Haitian migrants in Tijuana were the most recent to die under circumstances that the community attributes to systemic racism in Mexico’s hospitals and U.S. border policy

Honduras

¿Iba a entregarse el día de su muerte? ¿Pertenecía a una pandilla? ¿Por qué hay contradicciones en la versión de la Policía?

Mexico

In its statement, the Mexican migration agency did not specify what kind of documents were issued but most of the migrants showed papers that gave them a period of one month or more to leave the country or begin regularization procedures

Some 6,000 migrants, many of them from Venezuela, set off from southern Mexico last week as leaders from across the Americas met in Los Angeles to discuss issues including migration

En 110 ventanillas de las oficinas de representación del INM se atendió a casi 7 mil personas

33 se ahogaron debido a la fuerza de la corriente, la profundidad y las bajas temperaturas del Río Bravo en los estados de Coahuila y Tamaulipas

Nicaragua

Funcionario de EEUU dice que gobierno de Joe Bide analiza poner en marcha “medidas contundentes” contra Managua por intercambio con tropas rusas

Venezuela

A photo accompanying the opposition statement shows Juan Guaidó being held back as people gather around him and someone rips his shirt off

Latin America-related events in Washington and online this week

All times are U.S. Eastern time zone.

Monday, June 13

  • 1:00-2:00 at georgetown.edu: What to Expect from the Colombian Presidential Elections (RSVP required).

Tuesday, June 14

Wednesday, June 15

Thursday, June 16

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