Adam Isacson

Still trying to understand Latin America, my own country, and why so few consequences are intended. These views are not necessarily my employer’s.

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5 links: October 15, 2021

(Even more here)

Brazil

The representatives requested that the Biden administration undertake an urgent review of U.S.-Brazil relations

Chile

The Indigenous Mapuche say they are only fighting for their ancestral lands which have been taken over by wealthy landowners and logging companies

Colombia

Ataques a la población civil, a la Fuerza Pública e incluso al presidente Duque evidencian el recrudecimiento de la violencia en Norte de Santander

Colombia, Panama, U.S.-Mexico Border

For migrants traveling north to the U.S-Mexico border from countries like Chile and Brazil, the trip has become virtually impossible without two things — a smuggler and social media

Mexico, U.S.-Mexico Border

Federal courts have ordered the administration to restart the Trump-era policy that sent at least 60,000 back to Mexico

5 links: October 14, 2021

(Even more here)

Colombia

This will allow the Commission to avoid becoming a punching bag during next year’s presidential election, and defer questions on its impact and legacy

Mosquera’s 2018 arrest and subsequent extradition to the U.S. was another overseas embarrassment for the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, which has grappled for years with corrupt cops and deadly leaks by foreign law enforcement

Mexico

La Guardia Nacional reservó por un período de cinco años el inventario de armamento no letal y el material para la contención de manifestaciones

Panama

U.S.-Mexico Border

As of the end of September, only 3,217 migrants processed under the public health law have been referred for interviews with U.S. asylum officers

5 links: October 13, 2021

(Even more here)

Colombia

The murder of two boys for allegedly shoplifting in Colombia has evoked memories of some of the country’s darkest days of armed conflict

Ecuador

El incremento de las aprehensiones de droga en territorio ecuatoriano se registra desde 2018

Mexico

La toma del control operativo de la Guardia Nacional (GN) por parte de la Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional (Sedena) continuará, porque una jueza federal rechazó otorgar una suspensión provisional al Centro de Derechos Humanos Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez

U.S.-Mexico Border

President Biden proposed humane immigration reforms but continued harsh, Trump-era enforcement policies at the border

Venezuela

Con el fallecimiento del general retirado Raúl Isaías Baduel aumenta la cifra de presos políticos que han muerto bajo la custodia de los cuerpos de seguridad del Estado

5 links: October 12, 2021

(Even more here)

Colombia

De las 130.000 hectáreas fijadas, hasta el 4 de octubre solo fueron arrancadas 58.000

La ONU condena el crimen ocurrido en Tibú, en la convulsa región fronteriza del Catatumbo, y pide investigaciones de las autoridades colombianas

At least five American families have come down with ailments, said people familiar with the matter in Bogotá

Guatemala

Guatemala’s attorney general has transferred the prosecutor leading the office that took former dictator Efraín Ríos Montt and other former military officers to trial for crimes against humanity

Haiti, Mexico, U.S.-Mexico Border

Some say their arrival seemed more like a coordinated effort to ease the overwhelming number of migrants stuck at Mexico’s southern border

5 links: September 10, 2021

(Even more here)

Colombia

Si queremos rescatarla debemos reformar nuestra Policía, desmilitarizarla de las viejas formaciones y prácticas heredadas del conflicto armado; que se reclute, forme y vigile a una policía civilista que no dependa del Ministerio de Defensa ni tenga fuero militar

Only one police officer has so far been detained, under house arrest, for the killings during protests a year ago

Cuba

Cubalex says 437 remain behind bars

Ecuador, Venezuela

Lasso dijo que el plan que se está preparando es más ambicioso porque incluye la incorporación plena de los migrantes al país que los ha acogido

El Salvador

Guzmán is standing in solidarity with other judges who may still lose their jobs. His stance is that he won’t stay unless all can stay. It still isn’t clear whether the El Mozote proceedings will ever come to a conclusion

5 links: September 9, 2021

(Even more here)

Brazil

The threat to Brazil’s institutions has not lapsed, not from Bolsonaro nor from those who unquestionably back him

El Salvador

Santiago Cantón, former executive secretary of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, asks the Organization of American States (OAS) to invoke article 20 of the Inter-American Charter to redirect El Salvador to its constitutional framework

Mexico

Uno de los casos más destacables es en el presupuesto de la Comisión Mexicana de Ayuda a Refugiados (Comar), que, en términos reales, sufrió un recorte, en medio de la crisis migratoria en la frontera sur

El gobierno del presidente Andrés Manuel López Obrador propuso para 2022 un incremento de más de 25 mil millones de pesos al presupuesto de la Guardia Nacional (GN) que, de aprobarse, significaría un alza de más de 60% de los recursos destinados a esta fuerza de seguridad

U.S.-Mexico Border

Anduril Industries’ sentry towers and ghost drones are just one of $2.4 billion and $1.6 billion worth in contracts doled out to CBP and ICE, respectively, from Biden’s inaugural month to the 20th anniversary of 9/11

5 links: September 6, 7, and 8, 2021

(Even more here)

September 8, 2021

Brazil

The pro-Bolsonaro protests seem to take Brazil one step closer to a “January 6” scenario, a crisis similar to the insurrection and riots at the US Capitol

At least three times — once soon after Bolsonaro’s second speech of the day — groups of demonstrators in Brasilia tried to get past police barriers, but officers repelled them with pepper spray

Colombia

Gold is not only more valuable than cocaine but easier to launder, with a fraction of the risk involved in trafficking drugs

El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras

Teams of prosecutors are being embedded in the U.S. embassies in Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras tasked with providing backup to local law enforcement efforts. They are also being armed with a new authority to allow the more rapid revoking of visas, within days, of suspected criminals

Guatemala, Mexico

En Frontera Talismán, Chiapas, los expulsados son abandonados sin apoyo de ninguna institución


September 7, 2021

Colombia

Los generales (r) Jaime Alfonso Lasprilla Villamizar, Miguel Ernesto Pérez Guarnizo y William Fernando Pérez Laiseca, así como los otros siete oficiales, son comparecientes forzosos

El Salvador

The rollout of cryptocurrency has been upstaged by a more urgent concern: a series of withering attacks by Bukele and his ruling party on El Salvador’s three-decade-old democracy

Panama

Doctors Without Borders, which provides medical care to migrants in the hamlet of Bajo Chiquito, on the northern edge of the Darién, says it has documented 180 cases of rape since starting operations here in May

U.S.-Mexico Border

I rejoiced when you declared an end to this immoral policy on your first days in office, and despaired when the Supreme Court required your administration to implement it once again

This process of identifying vulnerable asylum-seekers, carried out by a consortium of nongovernmental organizations, has come to an end as of Aug. 31


September 6, 2021

Colombia

¿Por qué se decidió convertir los Acuerdos de paz en una razón de conflicto?

El Salvador

This week may go down in Salvadoran history as the week in which Nayib Bukele completed his consolidation of one man / one party rule in El Salvador

Nicaragua

Since June, the police have jailed or put under house arrest seven candidates for November’s presidential election and dozens of political activists and civil society leaders, leaving Mr. Ortega running on a ballot devoid of any credible challenger and turning Nicaragua into a police state

U.S.-Mexico Border

Unlike other law enforcement or intelligence agencies, CBP has been given the authority by Congress to conduct warrantless searches, which it uses to collect enormous amounts of personal information, often from U.S. citizens

Soon after the Matamoros camp was bulldozed in March, a new camp formed about 55 miles west across from the border bridge to the more dangerous, Gulf crime cartel stronghold of Reynosa

5 links: September 3, 2021

(Even more here)

Brazil

A massive debate continues to bubble inside the US government, as well as in academic and policy circles, over whether any short-term gain from engaging with Bolsonaro, even with the two presidents at arm’s length, is worth the possible long-term damage doing so might cause to Washington’s reputation

Colombia

“I was having problems focusing, I was so disoriented from the beatings,” he said. “But I could hear screams coming from other rooms—the sounds of other people being beaten too”

Colombia, Panama

An estimated 15,000 migrants are currently en route through Colombia heading for Panama

Mexico

Por tercera ocasión, la caravana de migrantes fue interceptada por un operativo del INM y la Guardia Nacional. Autoridades han negado información sobre el saldo de heridos y detenidos

U.S.-Mexico Border

Bashant has not yet decided what she will order as a remedy in the four-year-old class-action case. She asked both sides to submit additional briefings on the subject by October 1

5 links: September 2, 2021

(Even more here)

Colombia, Venezuela

The guerrillas pay villagers, including children, to staff narcotics operations, extortion rackets and wildcat gold mines in both countries

El Salvador

Lo aprobado implica una purga a todos aquellos jueces y fiscales mayores de 60 años o con 30 años de servicio

Honduras

The case has set an important and worrying precedent. Honduran authorities charged local leaders defending rivers and a protected natural area with criminal association based on the mining company’s groundless claims

Nicaragua

Nicaragua’s president has created an insular dynastic tyranny that eerily resembles the one against which he fought decades ago

Venezuela

Lamentablemente, la idea de una negociación exitosa también es frágil. La razón: la oposición no lleva ninguna alternativa real a la mesa y su poder de negociación es más bajo

Arms transfers in Latin America: some notable links from the past quarter

August 31, 2021

El Salvador

El Comando Sumpul está a cargo de vigilar 195 puestos de Paso Fronterizo No Habilitado (PFNH) situados a lo largo del país

August 26, 2021

Venezuela

EN 2006 el gobierno venezolano, a través de la Compañía Anónima Venezolana de Industrias Militares (CAVIM), suscribió con Rosoboronexport los contratos para la construcción de una planta de fabricación de armamento

August 25, 2021

El Salvador

U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM) delivered a Metal Shark Defiant 85 coastal patrol vessel to the Salvadoran Navy (FNES, in Spanish) at La Unión Naval Base, on July 22, 2021

Venezuela

Se vienen ejecutando desde 2006 en las instalaciones de la Compañía Anónima Venezolana de Industrias Militares

July 28, 2021

El Salvador, Honduras

Tanto Honduras como El Salvador necesitarían al menos uno, y óptimamente, dos Desafiante 85 adicionales y, en el caso de El Salvador, uno o dos más modelos FCS-5009/Spa-5009 para mejorar sus patrullas

July 22, 2021

El Salvador

A esta fase se le denomina “Incursión” y pretende duplicar la capacidad humana, alcanzando los 40.000 efectivos militares en los próximos cinco años

June 21, 2021

Venezuela

Warships have “practically absolute sovereign immunity”, says Cornell Overfield of cna, a think-tank, meaning that the United States cannot lawfully seize or attack them

June 18, 2021

Western Hemisphere Regional

Many Russian C-UAS systems are small and portable, and are relatively inexpensive, enabling their potential export to LATAM

June 3, 2021

Venezuela

El Instituto Naval de EEUU informó este martes 2 de junio que un barco de guerra perteneciente a la Armada de Irán salió de su puerto a finales de abril con siete de barcos de alta velocidad con armamento antiaéreo

June 2, 2021

Western Hemisphere Regional

Analizamos en estas páginas los próximos programas de aeronaves de ala rotatoria en esta variopinta región

Colombia

Entre 2017 y 2021, 20 entidades estatales suscribieron al menos 30 contratos y dos órdenes de compra por $45.684.261.058 para adquirir armas de letalidad reducida y elementos de dispersión de multitudes

5 links: September 1, 2021

(Even more here)

Mexico

La Sedena también mantiene el control completo de las 32 coordinaciones estatales de la Guardia Nacional, y no solo de su alto mando operativo. Al frente de cada una de dichas coordinaciones esta nombrado un general en activo

The DEA even have a term for it – it is the essential building block of the war on drugs. They call it divide and conquer. But it is the drug wars dirty little secret

Alrededor de las 9 de la mañana, unos 200 agentes llegaron al municipio, rodearon las calles que llevan a la plaza central, y tomaron por sorpresa a hombres, mujeres y niños que descansaban

Mexico, U.S.-Mexico Border

In private, Mexican officials said they are waiting to see how U.S. officials propose to restore “Remain in Mexico,” and whether they have a plan to avoid the aspects of the program’s last iteration when rights groups documented the abuse of returned migrants

U.S.-Mexico Border

Alexander Halaska of Justice’s Office of Immigration Litigation told U.S. District Court Judge Cynthia Bashant that the present administration is reassessing the policies that officials often refer to as “metering,” but which critics call a “turnback” of asylum-seekers

5 links: August 31, 2021

(Even more here)

Brazil

The president, a former army captain, has responded by attacking other branches of government, sowing doubts over election security, and flaunting his increasingly cozy relationship with the armed forces

Colombia

Catatumbo, which still produces more coca – the raw ingredient in cocaine – than just about anywhere else in the world, effectively exists outside the presence of the Colombian state

Mexico

Mexico’s National Guard seems intent on blocking asylum seekers from leaving Mexico’s poor south, even if it threatens the stability of the region or, worse, might produce a xenophobic and racist eruption

The Zetas proved that via fearsome messaging and brutal tactics, you could control territory and thus secure numerous local criminal rents, even while you vied for action in the international market

U.S.-Mexico Border

The report, which can be read here, details thirty-five cases of violations by CBP agents documented by KBI from October 2020 to mid-August 2021

5 links: August 30, 2021

(Even more here)

Colombia

El enfrentamiento, según la Defensoría, significa el fin de un acuerdo de no agresión pactado entre ambos grupos que inició en el 2017

Mexico

GN, militares e INM, implementaron violento operativo de contención. Gobierno de México obliga a migrantes solicitantes de asilo, a permanecer en Chiapas, donde no tienen fuentes de empleo

Elementos de la policía estatal y de la Guardia Nacional escoltaban la caravana de migrantes a prudente distancia para evitar un roce o choque con ellos, más atrás los agentes del Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM) que con sus “perreras” o vehículos jaulas, esperaban para capturar a los rezagados y cansados

En 2021, Zacatecas ocupa el deshonroso primer lugar que antes tuvieron Colima y Guanajuato con la mayor tasa de homicidios por cada 100 mil habitantes

Venezuela

Nicolás Maduro’s representatives should commit to taking basic steps to restore respect for human rights and to holding free and fair elections when they sit down at the negotiating table

5 links: August 27, 2021

(Even more here)

Central America

Central America’s maras contradict nearly all these stereotypes, however. A more accurate assessment would reveal them to be far smaller, less organized, and less active than much government and popular rhetoric suggests

Colombia

Desde Corea, el primer mandatario informó que entre este jueves y viernes se dará la promulgación del acto legislativo

Mexico

Las Fuerzas Armadas mexicanas han completado “una serie de actividades operativas” en la frontera sur que tienen como “principal objetivo detener toda la migración“, afirmó este viernes el General Luis Cresencio Sandoval, Secretario de la Defensa Nacional

Prior versions of a hotspot approach in Mexico suffered from several sets of problems

U.S.-Mexico Border

What’s a chain-link fence to a person who just crossed a parched desert to escape the threat of violence at home?

5 links: August 26, 2021

(Even more here)

Colombia

De acuerdo con la denuncia, una fuente confiable alertó al gobernador sobre un plan inminente del Clan del Golfo para asesinarlo

El informe llama principalmente la atención sobre la necesidad de que las autoridades civiles ejerzan un liderazgo que permita hacer un ajuste institucional amplio

Mexico

En el caso de que la Guardia cumpla con sus metas de reclutamiento para 2021, solo el 42% de sus activos serán efectivos nuevos, mientras que 36% serán veteranos del ejército y la marina, y 21% de la Policía Federal

Mexico, U.S.-Mexico Border

Mexico is not legally obligated to receive returning migrants who are not Mexican citizens, and most of the asylum seekers are not

U.S.-Mexico Border

“Reynosa is Matamoros on steroids”

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