Barry McCaffrey, director, White House Office of National Drug Control
Policy, statement, January 11, 2000
of Director Barry R. McCaffrey
Announcement of Emergency and Increase Funding Proposal for Colombia and
the Andean Region
January 11, 2000
The Administration proposal
for increased funding to support Colombia and the other countries in the
Andean Region is one of the most important counterdrug initiatives ever
proposed by our government. Rapidly expanding cocaine and heroin production
in Colombia constitute a threat to U.S. national security and the well-being
of our citizens. Eighty percent of the cocaine entering the United States
either originates in or passes through Colombia. Increasing amounts of
highly pure Colombian heroin are being shipped to the streets of the United
States as well. Drug trafficking and the violence and corruption it generates
also undermine Colombian democracy and regional stability.
This proposal is a balanced,
comprehensive package that will cost $1.3 billion over two, years supporting
counterdrug activities, alternative economic development, rule of law,
human rights, good governance, and the resettlement of internally displaced
persons. The Administration has already begun consultations with members
of Congress. In asking for Congressional support we are squarely placing
before the legislative branch the question of U.S. commitment to reducing
drug supply and aiding democratic allies in a region where stability,
democracy, and rule of law are challenged. This proposal addresses a matter
of critical importance to U.S. interests and deserves bipartisan support.
Drug production in Colombia
has been increasing dramatically. In spite of an aggressive aerial eradication
campaign, Colombian cultivation of coca, the raw material for cocaine,
has nearly tripled since 1992. New information about the potency of Colombian
coca, the time required for crop maturity, and efficiency in the cocaine
conversion process indicates that Colombian potential cocaine production
could be as much as two to three times higher than previous estimates.
The massive increases in drug production and trafficking in Colombia will
reverse gains achieved over the last four years in Peru and Bolivia, and
continued expansion of drug production in Colombia will likely result
in more drugs being shipped to the United States. Immediate and significant
action is necessary if we are to prevent significantly greater quantities
of cocaine and heroin from flowing into the United States.
The problems in Colombia affect
the lives of Americans at home and abroad. Illegal drugs cost our society
nearly $110 billion dollars each year due to health costs, accidents,
and lost productivity. The United States has been successful in reducing
demand for cocaine by over 70 percent since its peak in 1985. If left
unchecked, the rapid expansion of drug production in Colombia threatens
to significantly increase the global supply of cocaine and heroin. Without
effective supply reduction programs, cheap and easily-obtainable drugs
can undercut the effectiveness of our successful demand reduction programs
and increase the drug threat to our communities. In Colombia, narco-funded
terrorists kidnap and murder U.S. citizens, and attack and extort U.S.
companies doing business there.
The drug production problem
in the Andean Region has changed dramatically over the last decade, in
large part due to successful counterdrug programs in Peru and Bolivia.
Until recently, most coca was grown in Peru and Bolivia, and coca base
was shipped to Colombia for processing and distribution. Aggressive drug
crop eradication and interdiction operations in combination with alternative
economic development programs in Peru and Bolivia have reduced coca cultivation
in those countries 66 percent and 55 percent, respectively, since 1995.
Unfortunately, the traffickers found favorable conditions to move production
into Colombia, converting it into the world's largest producer, of coca.
Control of Colombia's vast coca growing regions by guerrilla or paramilitary
groups, another relatively recent phenomenon, has greatly handicapped
Colombian President Pastrana's ability to reduce drug production or enforce
Colombian national law. These new circumstances require a change in strategy,
policy, and resources if we intend to protect our nation from becoming
the target of dramatically increased amounts of cocaine and heroin and
avert possible increases in drug addiction, violence and crime.
The immense amounts of money
generated by the drug trade are also fueling violence, lawlessness, and
Colombia's long internal conflict. Colombia lacks the resources to dislodge
the organized terrorists and private armies that provide a safe haven
for a drug-based economy. These illegal armed groups have a dominant presence
in about half of Colombia's national territory and are the source of more
than 90% of the human rights violations committed in Colombia. High levels
of violence and insecurity are displacing large numbers of rural inhabitants
and discouraging both Colombian and foreign investment, exacerbating Colombia's
worst economic recession since the 1930s. Narco-financing of the guerrilla
groups has produced a paradoxical situation in which the guerrillas are
militarily strong and politically weak. All of these factors are hindering
the Colombian governments good faith efforts to negotiate peace and bring
an end to the decades of violence.
The Pastrana Government drafted
a strategy, "Plan Colombia," that recognizes that solving Colombia's
inter-related problems will require significant action on a variety of
fronts. The plan articulates a set of far-reaching, interlocking policies
designed to promote peace, strengthen democracy, combat drug trafficking,
improve the human rights climate, and revive the economy. The Government
of Colombia estimates that implementing Plan Colombia will cost about
$7.5 billion over the next three years, and Colombia intends to spend
$4 billion of its own resources and international financial institution
loans to execute the plan. The Pastrana Government is asking the international
community to provide the remaining $3.5 billion in bilateral foreign assistance.
The Administration proposal is responsive to the requirements identified
in Plan Colombia.
Timing could not be better
for a major effort to support the counterdrug efforts of the governments
in the Andean Region. There is strong political will in Colombia, Peru,
and Bolivia to attack the drug trade, root out corruption, end violence,
and establish peace and security within the framework of democracy and
respect for human rights. There is also strong will in the governments
of Ecuador, Venezuela, and Brazil to ensure that successful counterdrug
efforts in the current drug source countries do not displace the drug
trade into their nations.
While Colombia has become
the center of illegal drug production in our hemisphere, the commitment
of the Government of Colombia to attacking drug production and trafficking
is indisputable. The Government of Colombia is now conducting a robust
counterdrug effort including eradication of drug crops; lab destruction;
alternative development; attacking drug mafias; and air, maritime, riverine,
and land interdiction operations to seize and destroy drugs and chemicals.
Hundreds of Colombian police and military personnel, judges, prosecutors,
government officials, and innocent civilians have lost their lives to
guerrilla, paramilitary, and drug trafficker violence. Just as we share
with Colombia the threat to national security and social well-being posed
by illegal drugs, we share the responsibility to act against them. It
is imperative that the United States Government do its fair share to fight
drug production and trafficking in Colombia and the region and support
our democratic allies.
(Distributed by the Office
of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State)
As of March 13, 2000, this
document is also available at http://www.usia.gov/regional/ar/colombia/mccaff11.htm