of Thomas W. O'Connell, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special
Operations and Low Intensity Conflict, hearing of the Senate Armed
Services Emerging Threats Subcommittee: "Department of Defense Counternarcotics
Program in review of the Defense Authorization Request for Fiscal
Year 2005," April 2, 2004
ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR SPECIAL OPERATIONS AND
LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT
UNITED STATES SENATE COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON EMERGING THREATS AND CAPABILITIES
FOR THE RECORD APRIL 2, 2004
OF DEFENSE COUNTERNARCOTICS BUDGET
Roberts, Senator Reed, distinguished members of the Subcommittee,
it is my pleasure to appear before you today to discuss the Department
of Defense programs and policy that assist nations around the
world in their battle against narcoterrorism. I value the work
that you do and congratulate you on your continued leadership.
year, my office expends a great deal of time, effort, and resources
to keep drugs from crossing our borders. This is a complex process
that requires coordination and funding from all levels of government
agencies, local and state law enforcement, and the foreign countries
in which we assist. We recognize that a portion of the profits
from drug sales either directly or indirectly support terrorist
organizations another reason we are working hard to reduce the
supply of drugs around the world.
drug use exacts a heavy toll on American society every year. They
account for billions of dollars in direct and indirect costs including
health care, lost revenue due to crime, social welfare costs and
lost productivity. While cocaine continues to be the single most
serious drug threat, heroin, synthetic drugs, methamphetamines,
and marijuana are also serious, and in some cases, increasing
problems. Global and regional terrorists threatening United States
interests can finance their activities with the proceeds from
narcotics trafficking. Terrorist groups such as the FARC in Colombia,
Al Qaida in Afghanistan, and groups around the world partially
finance key operations with drug money. The Department of Defense,
with our counterparts in the Department of State and other government
agencies, seeks to systematically dismantle drug trafficking
networks, both to halt the flow of drugs into the United States,
and to bolster the broader war on terrorism effort.
the Department continues to work through US Northern Command and
the National Guard with the Department of Homeland Security and
law enforcement agencies to coordinate counternarcotics efforts.
The National Guard is an exceptional partner to law enforcement
in domestic counternarcotics missions requiring military-unique
skills, including air/ground reconnaissance, intelligence analysts,
and training for law enforcement agencies. The Department is maintaining
our National Guard support to law enforcement along the Southwest
Border, and adding linguist centers in California and Washington.
accordance with statutory authorities, we use counternarcotics
resources as effectively and efficiently as possible to achieve
national and Department counternarcotics priorities. We focus
on programs that fulfill statutory responsibilities and use military-unique
resources and capabilities, and continue to advance the national
priorities of the National Drug Control Strategy. Our counternarcotics
authorities and funding are an effective combination that supports
war on terrorism efforts and the implementation of the Department's
Security Cooperation Guidance.
Department's July 31, 2002 counternarcotics policy guidance states
that the Department will execute drug detection and monitoring
and other programs using military command, control, communications
and intelligence resources, as well as
military operational planning capabilities. This year we have
issued new Demand Reduction, Domestic Support and International
Support counter-narcoterrorism policies have expanded upon this
definition. We focus on counternarcotics activities that will
The war on terrorism;
Security Cooperation Guidance;
Military readiness; and
order to best characterize and describe the support DoD provides,
the Department defined four missions areas to encompass the scope
of the Department's program. These mission areas are:
Demand Reduction: Drug testing, treatment, and outreach
Domestic Support: Active duty counternarcotics support, National
Guard State Plans, National Guard schools, Aerostat radars
Intelligence and Technology Support: SIGINT collection and processing,
intelligence support and analysis, CN research and development
International Support: Detection and monitoring, intelligence
support and analysis, equipment, training, and infrastructure
Department provides, through Combatant Commands, the Military
Departments, and the Defense Agencies, unique military personnel,
systems, and capabilities that support domestic law enforcement
agencies and foreign security forces
involved in counternarcotics activities, including efforts to
counter activities that aid, benefit from, or are related to narcotics
trafficking. This broad-scope support is provided primarily under
the authorities contained in 10 U.S. Code §§ 124, 371-374,
379-381, 2576, 2576a, Title 32 U.S. Code, § 112, Section
1004, National Defense Authorization Act for 1991, as amended;
and Section 1033 of the National Defense Authorization Act for
1998, as amended.
finite funds and resources, multiple missions to address, and
numerous requests for assistance, the Department must establish
priorities for its support mission. The areas that receive resources
must be where Defense capabilities will provide the highest impact
on the drug threat while at the same time contributing to the
war on terrorism and enhancing national security. DoD's efforts
will be continually evaluated based on the changing drug threat
and participating nations' needs.
Department's CTA program request of $852.7 million for FY 2005
for the Central Transfer Account reflects price growth of $11.4
million and a program decrease of $67.3 million over the FY 2004
level of $908.6 million, which primarily reflects the FY 2004
congressional increases to the Department's counter-narcoterrorism
program. The Department's FY 2005 counternarcotics budget will
continue to fund, within fiscal constraints, an array of unique
and effective programs that support the National Drug Control
Strategy and Department goals.
drugs are readily available to Department members and their use
is incompatible with member's security sensitive and dangerous
duties. During the past decade, use of prohibited drugs in the
United States civilian community, especially by young citizens,
has increased, prompting the President to establish a goal of
reducing drug use by 25% over each three year period.
Department has assimilated the President's goal of a 25% reduction
in drug use over three years into its strategic plan. The approach
emphasizes prevention of drug use through pre-accession and random
drug testing, anti-drug education and treatment Emphasis is placed
on deterring drug use through cost effective drug testing with
punitive consequences for members who are identified as drug users.
accordance with the Department of Defense Demand Reduction policy,
we plan to increase drug testing for all military members to a
minimum average testing rate for each Service, the Army National
Guard and the Air National Guard of one test per member per year.
This increase will be incrementally phased in though the outyears.
We also plan to increase drug testing for civilian employees in
testing designated positions to a minimum average testing rate
for each Agency or Component of one test per testing designated
employee per year.
total of $19.4 million is for the National Guard State Plans and
Service outreach programs, and the Young Marines outreach program,
and $102.7 million is for the continued support of the Department
of Defense Demand Reduction Programs.
1989, domestic law enforcement agencies at the State, local and
Federal levels have requested military support for their respective
counter-narcoterrorism operations. Domestic counter-narcoterrorism
operations have historically included support for interdiction
of cocaine, marijuana and methamphetamines coming into the United
States; interdiction of illegal drugs transiting the United States;
identification of domestic marijuana grows and methamphetamine
labs; identification and arrest of drug manufacturers, traffickers
and distributors; and the prevention of drug use among America's
work closely with USNORTHCOM and the Assistant Secretary of Defense
for Homeland Defense (ASD/HLD) on counternarcotics support to
domestic law enforcement. The focus of this support is managed
through Joint Task Force Six in El Paso, Texas which provides
active duty and reserve missions in areas of engineering support,
aerial and ground reconnaissance, transportation and logistics
support and intelligence. These counternarcotics missions provide
excellent training in real world situations and enhance domestic
the Department is committed to improving information sharing between
DoD and law enforcement agencies in support of counter-narcoterrorism
objectives. DoD is installing classified computer systems and
networks in High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area intelligence
centers, operated by National Guard intelligence analysts; and
active duty and Reserve members are playing an integral role in
arrival zone detection and monitoring, cross-agency intelligence
fusion, and the development of actionable intelligence.
total of $219.5M supports federal, state and local drug law enforcement
agencies (DLEAs) requests for domestic operational and logistical
support, and will assist the DLEAs in their efforts to reduce
drug-related crime. Of this amount, $151.1 million is for a portion
of the total National Guard State Plans that supports domestic
law enforcement efforts and the counter-narcoterrorism schools;
$20.3 million is for Domestic Operational Support, such as US
Northern Command (NORTHCOM) counternarcoterrorism support to DLEAs
and Title 10 National Guard translation efforts; $32.3M is for
domestic detection and monitoring efforts (Tethered Aerostats);
and $15.8 million is for Command, Control, Communication, Computers,
and Intelligence (C4I) support, such as ADNET.
and Technology Support
basic nature of the smuggling threat mandates the need for explicit
intelligence if the Department is to be effective in detection,
monitoring and interdiction operations. The Department will continue
to provide critical intelligence support to national policies
designed to dismantle narcotics trafficking and international
terrorist organizations benefiting from drug trafficking. These
intelligence support programs make use of unique Defense capabilities,
systems, skills, and expertise, and directly support the National
Drug Control Strategy.
of new technology continues to be instrumental in combating narcoterrorist
activities. The Department will continue to test, evaluate, develop
and deploy technologies that are used to collect and survey suspect
operations in air, land, or sea. Wide area surveillance will be
a technology challenge as legacy systems such as ROTHR have surpassed
lifecycle expectations and will require major hardware and software
replacement to lower the risk of system failure. The program will
pursue merging disparate data and sensor feeds into a common operating
picture, to provide worldwide counternarcotics elements with counter-narcoterrorism
intelligence and operational awareness.
translation support will be expanded to include additional languages
critical to the Global War on Terrorism. THROTTLE CAR is a critical
data warehousing effort jointly funded by the Department of Defense
and the Drug Enforcement Administration. Capabilities will be
increased to accommodate capacity increases and ensure readiness.
total of $103.3M will be used for intelligence programs to collect,
process, analyze, and disseminate information required for counter-narcoterrorism
operations. Technology programs increase the Department's abilities
to target narco-terrorist activity. A total of $58.6 million is
for counter-narcoterrorism intelligence support and analysis;
$21.1 million is for signal intelligence (SIGINT) collection and
processing; $10.0 million is for Service and SOCOM command and
control programs; and $13.7 million is for CN Technology efforts.
political and operational linkages exist among narcotics trafficking,
smuggling, and the global expansion of terrorism. Since 11 September
Department has expanded its CNT mission to include targeting those
terrorists groups worldwide that use narcotics trafficking to
support terrorist activities. In order to support the War on Terrorism,
DoD CNT uses its resources in regions where terrorists benefit
from illicit drug revenue and know-how, and is working to bolster
already well-established CNT efforts in PACOM, particularly in
SE Asia where the US and its Asian partners face a challenging
combination of terrorism/extremism, drug trafficking, and serious
need for increased maritime security.
the CENTCOM area of operation, terrorists/extremists in Afghanistan
and its neighboring countries exploit the abundance of illicit
drugs to support their activities. The Department is working to
break the links between terrorism and drug trafficking.. In Afghanistan,
where drug traffickers have extensive links to terrorists/extremists,
the Department will provide substantial counter-narcoterrorism
support to the United Kingdom-led counter-narcoterrorism efforts
in Afghanistan, as well as developing Afghan border infrastructure
and border police capabilities. In other countries in Central
Asia and the Middle East, CENTCOM is currently expanding its counter-narcoterrorism
efforts to curb the transit of illicit drugs through international
smuggling corridors. We thank you, therefore for the $73 million
in funding added in this year's emergency supplemental to support
our efforts in Afghanistan and neighboring nations. Our FY05 CN
budget requests resources to sustain these efforts.
total of $40.8M will be used for Emerging Threats support efforts
in the U.S. Central Command, U.S. Pacific Command, U.S. European
Command Area of Responsibilities (AORs) to detect, interdict,
disrupt or curtail activities related to Eastern Pacific to the
final destination. Over 500 maritime shipments depart Colombia
annually, equating to almost two shipments a day. Of the cocaine
that enters the United States, 72% passes through the Mexico/Central
America corridor. Another 27% moves through the Caribbean and
1% comes directly from South America.
offers a unique window of opportunity with congressional approval
of expanded authority and the aggressive leadership of President
Uribe. The Administration continues to support President Uribe
in seeking a secure and democratic Colombia, including providing
resources in support of Colombia's Plan Patriota.
funding ($34M) in FY 2003 was provided by Congress for DoD support
to Colombia initiatives. With existing funds and the additional
supplemental funding, SOUTHCOM increased support to the Colombian
military, adding to their capability through a variety of programs.
These programs provided critical support in logistics, mobility,
light infantry operations, riverine operations, command, control
and communications, at-sea interception, maintenance, security,
base operations support, intelligence collection and dissemination.
Congress extended expanded authority to support Colombia's counternarcotics
and counter-terrorist efforts for FY 2004.
Principals have planned to increase assistance for the Colombian
military during FY 2004 and FY 2005. SOUTHCOM developed a support
package to provide needed assistance to the Colombian military.
This funding will continue to support and expand upon programs
already established during FY 2003 and will focus on increasing
the Colombian military's capability in mobility, logistics, operationalizing
intelligence, planning assistance, medical evacuation and care,
and security. To support these efforts in Colombia, the Department
will soon be forwarding to the Congress a request for reprogramming
$50 million during this fiscal year. I am pleased to report that
the Department will maintain this emphasis on Colombia by increasing
our efforts in Colombia in FY05 by $43 million.
total of $366.9M will support efforts in the SOUTHCOM AOR, including
detection and monitoring operations to assist U. S. law enforcement
agencies to Counter the flow of drugs in transit into the United
States, and supporting nations (such as Colombia) fight narcoterrorism.
A total of $173.0 million is for detection and monitoring platforms
and assets; $142.5 million is for operational Support; and $51.4
million is for AOR command and control support, including Joint
Interagency Task Force South.
current troop cap limits the U.S. presence in Colombia to 400
military personnel and 400 contractors. SOUTHCOM manages this
on a daily basis, often canceling or postponing personnel travel
to Colombia. To date, the impact has been small. However, in the
coming year as the Colombian military will be conducting full-scale
operations across the country, the personnel cap will begin to
have a deleterious effect on the mission. While U.S. personnel
will not be directly on the front lines, more training and planning
assistance will be required for the Colombian military, since
they will be directly engaged on a broader front to defeat the
narcoterrorists. We should support this effort with manning that
reflects the current and future situation on the ground. Consequently,
the Administration has requested an increase of the personnel
cap to 800 military and 600 contractor personnel.
Department appreciates Congress' continued support of the counternarcotics
program. I thank you, Chairman Roberts, Senator Reed and the Members
of the Subcommittee for the tremendous support you have provided.
I look, forward to answering your questions.