by Rep. Constance A. Morella (R-Maryland), July 24, 2001
Chairman, I rise in strong support of the McGovern-Hoekstra-Pelosi-Morella-Jackson-Lee
global health amendment to H.R. 2506, the fiscal year 2002 Foreign Operations
I want to commend
my friend, the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. MCGOVERN), for taking
the lead in bringing this important amendment to the House floor.
What the amendment
does is it shifts $100 million from military aid, and this is the intent,
to Colombia to the Child Survival and Health Programs Fund. It would add
$50 million for child survival and maternal health programs that improve
maternal and child health and nutrition, reduce infant and child mortality,
and support polio eradication programs.
amendment would add $50 million for infectious disease, and that is specifically
for international tuberculosis programs. While TB overall is on the decline
in this country, it continues unabated globally. An estimated 8 million
people worldwide develop active TB each year. There are 2 million TB-related
deaths worldwide each year, and TB causes more deaths among women worldwide
than all cases of maternal mortality combined.
TB is the leading
cause of death among people who are HIV-infected, accounting for one-third
of AIDS deaths worldwide. The global TB epidemic could impact declines
that have been made in the United States.
Mr. Chairman, it
is impossible to control TB in the United States until we control it internationally.
According to experts, an additional $1 billion is needed to adequately
address this killer. The United States must take a leadership role in
supporting and substantially increasing spending programs to eliminate
the spread of TB worldwide. Passage of this amendment would translate
into $120 million for international TB eradication efforts for fiscal
Equally as important
is increased funding for the child survival and maternal health programs.
Each year, more than 10 million children die before reaching their fifth
birthday due to preventable infectious diseases such as pneumonia, measles,
Nearly 500,000 women
die of pregnancy-related causes each year; and every minute around the
world 380 women become pregnant, 110 women experience pregnancy-related
complications, and one woman dies.
Mr. Chairman, the
$100 million this amendment seeks to shift is offset strictly by military
aid to the Colombian Armed Forces. I want to emphasize the fact that it
does not, despite what we have heard, it does not touch any police aid,
which would be $152 million, and it certainly does not touch any of the
$146 million for social and economic investment in Colombia. Neither does
it affect the remaining $277 million of the military economic or development
aid for Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, or Venezuela that is contained within
the $676 million Andean Counterdrug Initiative.
Mr. Chairman, this
amendment should pass by voice vote on its merits alone. However, if there
is a recorded vote, I urge passage of the McGovern-Hoekstra - Pelosi -
Morella - Jackson- Lee global health amendment.
As of October 3, 2001,
this document was also available online at http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/B?r107:@FIELD(FLD003+h)+@FIELD(DDATE+20010724)