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Last Updated:11/18/01
USAID - Colombia Report on Progress Toward Implementing Plan Colombia - Supported Activities, September 2001

USAID/COLOMBIA FUNDING
FY 2000-2005
(US$ Millions)

OBJECTIVE/ACTIVITY
Plan Colombia
Out Years
Total

SO1 - Promote a More Responsive, Participatory, and Accountable Democracy
Administration of Justice
Human Rights
Local Governance
Anti-Corruption Program
Civil Society
Conflict Management and Peace Process

 

8.0
11.0
22.0
3.0
0.0
3.0

 

20.0
24.0
10.0
4.0
18
1.5

 

28.0
35.0
32.0
7.0
16
4.5

Sub-Total - SO1
47.0
77.5
124.5

SO2 - Promote Economic and Social Alternatives to Ilicit Crop Production
Voluntary Eradication of Coca
Environmental Aspects of Voluntary Eradication

 

40.0
2.5

 

170.0
10.0

 

210.0
12.5

Sub-Total - SO2
42.5
180.0
222.5

SO3 - Provide Economic and Social Opportunities to Vulnerable Groups, Particularly IDPs
Assistance for Internally Displaced Persons
Rehabilitation of Child Soldiers

 


27.5
2.5

 


58.5
0

 


86.0
2.5
Sub-Total - SO3
30.0
58.5
88.5
GRAND TOTAL
119.5
316.0
435.5

 

USAID/COLOMBIA FUNDING
STATUS AS OF 09/10/01
(US$000)
OBJECTIVE/ACTIVITY
Obligated Plan Colombia
Projected Expenditures Thru 9/30/01 [1]
Projected Expenditures 10/01/01 - 12/31/01

Pipeline Thru 12/31/01

Promote Economic and Social Alternative to Ilicit Crop Production
Voluntary Eradication of Coca
Environmental Aspects of Voluntary Eradication

 

 

40.0

2.5

 

 

5.8

0.6

 

 

7.0

0.4

 

 

27.2

1.5

Sub-Total
42.5
6.4
7.4
28.7

Promote a More Responsive, Participatory, and Accountable Democracy
Administration of Justice
Human Rights
Local Governance
Anti-Corruption
Civil Society
Conflict Management and Peace Process

 


6.0
11.0
22.0
3.0

3.0

 


3.8
6.4
1.2
0.9  


0.6



2.3
2.0
3.2
0.6

0.8


 

1.9
2.6
17.6
1.5  

1.6

Sub-Total
47.0
12.9
8.9
25.2

Provide Economic and Social Opportunities to Vulnerable Groups, Particularly IDPs
Assistance for Internally Displaced Persons [2]
Rehabilitation of Former Child Combatants

 


27.5

2.5



27.5

1.0

 

 


0.5

 

 


1.0

Sub-Total
30.0
28.5
0.5
1.0
Operating Expenses
4.0
4.0
GRAND TOTAL
123.5
51.8
16.9
54.9

1 Expenditures under USAID's Alternative Development and Democracy Programs were incurred over the roughly six month period from March - September 2001. The first six months following receipt of funds were devoted to contracts and grants awards processes. We are confident that FY 2002 expenditures will be significantly greater. Expenditures under USAID's IDP program are over a roughly nine month period.

2 Includes approximately $12 million in funds commited and disbursed to subrantees.

 

ALTERNATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Program Summary/Goals:

  • $15 million program to eliminate 3,000 hectares of opium poppy produced by small farmers. (Defined as having three hectares or less of an ilicit crop).
  • $42.5 million for expanded coca eradication program. Total planned investement is $222.5 million over five years to eliminate 30,000 hectares of small farmer coca by September 2005.

Program Results:

Poppy Program:

  • 680 hectares of poppy eliminated and 600 hectares of licit crops supported, benefiting 770 direct beneficiaries in the department of Tolima.

Coca Program:

  • $1 million in short-term assistance provided to small farmers in Putumayo. Assistance includes teh construction of chicken coops, training in layer hen management, delivery of layers and provision of one month's supply of chicken feed to 1,800 families.
  • $69,000 road improvement project in Puerto Guzman that will provide 660 small farmer families (roughly 3,300 people) with acees to markets for alternative, licit productive activities.
  • Implementation has begun on medium-term productive projects in hearts of palm, rubber, and dual-purpose cattle to eliminate 2,410 hectares of coca and support 3,760 hectares of licit productive activities, benefiting 990 small farm families (roughly 4,950 people).

GOC Counterparts/Activities:

  • The GOC's National Alternative Development Plan - PNDA (formerly PLANTE) is USAID's principal counterpart.
  • PNDA signed 33 coca elimination "pacts" with 37,000 farmers to eliminate 37,000 hectares of coca in Putumayo.
  • GOC (PNDA, FIP - Peace Investment Fund) investments in Putumayo to date (FYs 2000/2001) total approximately $9.55 million. Planned investment in immediate, short-term assistance to pact signatories through the GOC's five local grantees in the Putumayo department in CY 2001 is $30 million.

LOCAL GOVERNANCE

Program Support/Goals:

  • $22 million program to enhance citizen participation, strengthen municipal management, build social infrastructure, and reduce corruption at the local level.

Program Results:

  • Thirty-two social infrastructure fund (SIF) projets identified and implementation initiated on 20 (14 in Caqueta and 6 in Putumayo).
  • Social audit committee established for 20 SIF projects in 20 municipalities. Each committee is comprised of 3 members, for a total of 60 participants, 42 in Caqueta and 18 in Putumayo).
  • Municipal Development Plans completed in 9 municipalities in Caqueta and Land Use Plans completed in 13 municipalities in Putumayo strengthening municipal planning and citizen participation.
  • Twenty-five representatives from ten NGO's in Putumayo and Caqueta (including representatives from our partner NGO's - Fundamaz, Fundacion Andaki and Corporacion Maloca) have been trained in public transportation techniques. These representatives will subsequently train several hundred community members and representatives from citizen-based committees in target areas.
  • Twenty representatives from Putumayo and Caqueta trained as trainers of social auditors in coordination with USAID's Anti-Corruption program.
  • Three Transparency Plans signed with mayors from Florencia, Puerto Asis and Mocoa, guaranteeing public participation in setting municipal priorities and in implementing local projects and programs.

GOC Counterparts/Activities:

  • USAID's program works with the following GOC entities/officials: The Office of the President, the ministrate of Interior and Development, the National Planning Department, mayors, governors, municipal officials, associations of municipalities and city councils aand municipal professionals.

 

INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS

Program Summary/Goals:

  • $30 million program to provide humanitarian, social, and economic development assistance to internally displaced persons (IDPs) and vulnerable groups in Colombia.

Program Results:

  • A total of 256,000 IDPs and vulnerable groups benefiting to date from all program activities.
  • 18,330 benefiting through access to income and employment activities.
  • 129,932 benefiting from community stabilization projects.
  • 4,210 families benefiting from urban assistance programs.
  • 8.776 children benefiting from school rehabilitation and psychosocial assistance activities.
  • 77,982 individuals benefiting from reproductive health assistance.
  • 120 former child combatants benfiting from rehabilitation assistance.

GOC Counterparts/Activities:

  • USAID works with two U.S. Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), two Public International Organizations (PIOs), and one Colombian NGO to implement activities. Activities at the local level are coordinated with regional governmental entities, including government health facilities and the GOC's Social Solidarity Network.

OTHER USG Activities:

  • The State Department's office of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM) received $15 million in Plan Colombia funding for emergency resettlement and employment assistance to IDPs.

 

ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

Program Summary/Goals:

  • $8 million program to increase the efficiency of and the access to the judicial system in Colombia.

Program Results:

  • Eighteen Justice Houses (Casas de Justicia) established and operational.
  • 13 oral trial courtrooms established and operational.
  • At least 100,000 people have been attended to by the Justice House.
  • 3,400 Colombian judges trained in applying oral techniques, the handling of evidence and labor procedures.
  • Permanent training systems for judges established in Rodrigo Lara Bonilla School.
  • Public Defender's profile designed and being distributed to public defenders throughout the country.
  • Institutional information system designed for Public Defenders at the national, regional, and sectional levels.
  • Hundreds of Casa de Justicia officials trained in conflict resolution mechanisms, human rights, and peaceful coexistence mechanisms.

GOC Counterparts/Activities:

  • The Colombian Ministry of Justice, National Ombudsman's Office, Superior Judicial Council and Attorney General's Office are all principal partners.

Other USG Justice Activities:

  • The Department of Justice received Plan Colombia funding to support human rights units within the Colombian National Police and Prosecutor General's office, as well as for prosecutor and judicial police training.

 

HUMAN RIGHTS

Program Summary/Goals:

  • $11 million program to prevent human rights violations, protect human rights workers, and improve response to human rights issues.

Program Results:

  • Nineteen of 26 alerts reported through the Early Warning System (EWS) in 32 municipalities responded to by the Military, Colombian National police and/or the Social Solidarity Network, thereby preventing potential massacres and/or forced displacement.
  • Protection assistance provided to 695 individuals. Of the 695, 170 received national relocation assistance; 20 national relocation and economic assistance; 448 economic assistance; 37 international relocation; 5 international relocation and economic assistance; and 12 vehicles provided to union leaders under threat.
  • Armoring provided for 4 NGOs (1 in Bogota, 2 in Medellin, 1 in Villavicencio) and the National Ombudsman's Office in Bogota.
  • Seventy-five personeros (municipal human rights officials) trained in the basic concepts of human rights, international humanitarian law, family violence prevention, legal recourse and action, and the rights of Indigenous and Afor-Colombian groups.
  • Information and management software purchased to strengthen the Ministry of Interior's Protection Program.
  • $575,715 provided in support to 7 human rights NGOs.

GOC Counterparts/Activities:

  • USAID activities support the GOC's Office of the Vice President, Ministry of Interior, National Ombudsman's Office, adn the Social Solidarity Network.

 

ANTI-CORRUPTION

Program Summary/Goals:

  • $3 million dollar program to bolster government financial management and control systems and to strengthen public participation.

Program Results:

  • 376 Colombian citizen "multipliers" trained to combat corruption using constitutional mechanisms.
  • Decree creating a National System of Internal Control across ministries and other national bodies signed by President Pastrana in August 2001. Following the signing of this decree, USAID will being workign to implement internal audit units in target GOC entities.
  • National Anti-Corruption Public Awareness Campaign launched in September 2001. The campaign seeks to raise awareness of at least 50 percent of Colombia's adult population regarding the need for strengthening participation and citizen oversight over public officials and entities.
  • Executive Resolution issued by Accountant General of teh Nation that requires 3,000 GOC units to follow the standardized internal control processes recommended by USAID and stipulated by the Presidential Decree.
  • The controller General has agreed to include USAID's proposed standards of internal control in a resolution to be issued on integrated audits. This will set the standards of all public entities in internal audits.
  • Program to divide ethics training to internal control chiefs and public accountants nationwide designed and being implemented.

GOC Counterparts/Activites:

  • USAID's program supports the following GOC entities: Presidential Anti-Corruption Program, Attorney General's Office, Office of the Controller General of the Republic, Department of Administration of the Public Function, Accountant General's Office and Auditor General's Office.

 

PEACE PROGRAM

Program Summary/Goals:

  • $3 million program to promote peace in Colombia

Program Results:

  • USAID has provided a total of $981,808 to nine GOC private and public sector entities/organizations - including the Office of the High Commissioner for Peace - active in carrying out peace related activities in Colombia, as follows:
    1. $274,700 grant to Colombia Joven to promote youth participation through the television show "Francisco el Matematico" (Francisco, The Mathematician).
    2. $238,919 grant to VallenPaz to strengthen civil society organizations and create sustainable food security mechanisms in three municipalities of the Valle del Cauca and Cauca Departments.
    3. $112,394 grant to the Confederacion Colombiana de ONGs (NGO Confederation) to provide institutional strengthening to member NGOs working with Plan Colombia on peace issues in the Choco, Meta, Santander, Quindio, and Magdalena Medio departments.
    4. $86,121 grant to the Comision Vida Justicia y Paz (Dioceses of Barrancabermeja) to support victims of violence in six municipalities in Magdalena Medio.
    5. $51,895 grant to La Lucha Fria - Producciones de Cine to support the film "Sumas y Restas", that depicts the story of criminals and drug addicts and their effect on Colombian society.
    6. $24,324 grant to the Government of Colombia's Office of the High Commissioner for Peace to purchase computer equipment to establish a resource center.
    7. $86,888 grant to HUMANIZAR to promote women's participation in peace negotiations.
    8. $24,908 grant to Observatorio para la Paz to support the production of the film "La Decision de San Mateo" that depicts the challenges faced by demobilized men and women in Colombia.
    9. $64,361 grant to CONFEPAZ to generate policies and projects in support of the disabled in Antioquia.

 

Plan Colombia

Colombian Plan Putumayo
(Under Implementation)

US$150.5 million over 5 years

  • Nutrition/school subsidies: 3,405 families
  • Temporary Employment
  • Roads (5) US$3.5 million
  • Electrification (2) US$250,000
  • Potable Water/Sewage (4) US$1.6 million
  • Health Centers (4) US$2.2 million
  • Schools (14) US$170,000
  • Humanitarian Assistance: 10,000 families, US$2 million
  • Land Titling
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