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Last Updated:1/16/02
San Francisco de la Sombra Accord, October 5, 2001


Accord of San Fransisco de la Sombra, October 5, 2001


In the rural area of the municipality of San Vicente del Caguán, meeting together, on behalf of the National Government, the High Commissioner for Peace Camilo Gómez and the Special Advisor Juan Gabriel Uribe, and on behalf of the FARC-EP its Commander in Chief Manuel Marulanda Vélez, and its Negotiation Representatives Raúl Reyes, Joaquín Gómez, Simón Trinidad, Carlos Antonio Lozada, Andrés Paris and the Commanders Jorge Briceño and Iván Rios, considering:

A. That a negotiated political solution to the social and military conflict is the adequate venue to resolve the crisis that the country is currently undergoing and constitutes the greatest national goal.
B. That the peace process requires an atmosphere without military confrontation between the actors.
C. That the actual levels of confrontation make reaching agreements indispensable for the lessening of the conflict.
D. That the government emphatically and categorically reiterates its rejection of any kind of abduction, be it of members of Congress, public servants or any other person and within the study of the truce with cease-fire and cessation of hostilities the government will expound it as a priority.
E. That we are conscious of our historic responsibility to the people of Colombia who, amid difficulties and sacrifice, maintain their faith and the hope of living in a country in peace with social justice, to overcome the great economic, political and social disparities that keep Colombians in conflict.
F. That throughout the process we have been able to create valuable instruments to obtain these objectives. The most fundamental: The Common Agenda for Change for a New Colombia.

That we understand that this is a critical moment that requires definitions, contributions and without a doubt, a new dynamic for the dialogue and negotiation process.


1. To immediately undertake the integral study of the document of recommendations presented by the "Notables Commission", that contains items such a truce with cease-fire and cessation of hostilities, kidnappings, actions for ending the paramilitary phenomenon and the eventual creation of a National Constituent Assembly, without detriment to the Common Agenda.
The actors highly value the remaining instruments that enrich their work and that are being discussed at the negotiation table.
2. In this new phase, we consider it of vital importance to invite the presidential candidates and the political movements and parties to discuss the aforementioned subjects, give their contributions to the current process and exchange ideas about the current political moment of the country.
3. In the same respect, The Negotiating Table will invite different sectors of the national community so that they make contributions to the process.
4. The Negotiating Table will invite the National Council for Peace to carry out an exchange of opinions covering the same topics.
5. The Negotiating Table will intensify its work and in its first meeting will develop a timetable for the analysis of the mentioned documents and for the development of the described activities. A monthly evaluation will be carried out assessing the advances obtained in the discussion of the topics mentioned and public opinion will be informed in this respect without prejudices by the mechanisms of information agreed upon before.
6. We reiterate that the distension zone has as its sole purpose to promote dialogue and negotiation.


A. That the only authority in this zone is exercised by the mayors, democratically elected, and the remaining municipal public servants without prejudices as exercised by the National Government. In the same way the FARC ratifies its commitment to respect them.
B. That the mayors of the zone, along with the civic police and the police inspectors, exercise policing functions and the FARC ratifies its commitment to respect them.
C. In the Demilitarized Zone all the candidates, just as the inhabitants of these five municipalities, may carry out their political and electoral activities.
D. The Negotiating Table will promote in conjunction with the mayors of the Demilitarized Zone, the execution of open meetings which will allow the inhabitants of the zone to manifest their opinions, and to which observers may be invited.

7. The above is expressed without detriment to the faculties that correspond to the President in relation to the Demilitarized Zone.
8. The FARC expresses and ratifies that the so-called "pescas milagrosas" [kidnapping at roadblocks] on the national highways, are not part of their policy. In this sense, the FARC will give instructions to all of its members not to carry out this type of activity.
9. The signatories of the accord call on all Colombians to maintain their pledge for a political solution to the conflict in Colombia.

October 5, 2001


For the National Government
Camilo Gómez Alzate
High Commissioner for Peace
Juan Gabriel Uribe
Special Advisor

For the FARC-EP
Manuel Marulanda Vélez
Commander in Chief of the FARC-EP
Representatives of the FARC-EP
Raúl Reyes
Joaquin Gómez
Simón Trinidad
Andrés París
Carlos Antonio Lozada
Jorge Briceño
Iván Rios

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