Adam Isacson

Still trying to understand Latin America, my own country, and why so few consequences are intended. These views are not necessarily my employer’s.

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Latin America

Latin America Security-Related News: June 17, 2022

(Even more here)

June 17, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

At the end of 2021, 89.3 million individuals worldwide were forcibly displaced as a result of persecution, conflict, violence, human rights violations or events seriously disturbing public order.

Latin America is stuck in a development trap, argues Michael Reid

The US is touting the resettlement of 20,000 refugees from this hemisphere as a bold deliverable when there are 5 MILLION REFUGEES from Venezuela alone

Brazil

Bruno Pereira highlighted the ravaging of the rainforest and abuse of human rights. Dom told his story. We should honour them

Brazil, Colombia, Peru

A key police outpost lies in ruins after a daring raid – a sign of the growing danger in an increasingly lucrative smuggling route

Colombia

Con más de 20 capturas, decenas de allanamientos y otros procedimientos, la Policía arremetió contra líderes de las protestas del paro nacional del 2021

Will the historically conservative country select its first leftist president? Or will it take a gamble on a political outsider?

Neither candidate has a clear plan to contain rising levels of conflict and armed violence in the countryside

Colombia, Panama

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Guatemala

El proyecto, que fue apoyado por todos los integrantes de la Comisión de la Defensa, propone que se otorgue un aporte total de Q36 mil, durante tres años, a cada miembro del personal de tropa que prestó servicio militar durante el conflicto armado interno

“The desire is to erase any legacy, any vestige” of anticorruption efforts, said political analyst Edgar Gutiérrez. “They are constructing an authoritarian state”

Haiti

Helen La Lime, the top U.N. official in Haiti, said insecurity is rapidly deteriorating in the country of more than 11 million people, with an average of almost seven kidnappings reported a day

Honduras

En las últimas horas, la Policía Militar del Orden Público (PMOP), bajo control de las Fuerzas Armadas, ha realizado operaciones de saturación en diferentes barrios de Tegucigalpa

Mexico

La Comisión Estatal de Derechos Humanos reveló este jueves que recibieron mil 500 reclamos de migrantes venezolanos por robo, maltrato y discriminación

U.S.-Mexico Border

The announcement comes as Congress investigates the removal of damaging findings from reports on domestic violence and sexual misconduct by department employees

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“These coins anger me because the hateful images on them have no place in a professional law enforcement agency,” CBP Commissioner Chris Magnus said

Immigration arrests along the U.S. southern border rose in May to the highest levels ever recorded, as growing numbers of migrants arrived from outside the Western Hemisphere, U.S. Customs and Border Protection figures show

This update is based on interviews with 74 asylum seekers conducted by Human Rights First researchers in Ciudad Acuña, Nuevo Laredo, and Piedras Negras, Mexico

Latin America Security-Related News: June 16, 2022

(Even more here)

June 16, 2022

Brazil

Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s president, risks losing his October bid for re-election. If he disputes the result, his shrinking but increasingly far-right support base might take to the streets. State institutions should prepare to deal with baseless fraud accusations and to curb possible violence

The announcement appeared to bring a grim conclusion to the disappearance of journalist Dom Phillips and former government official Bruno Pereira

Amarildo da Costa de Oliveira, 41, nicknamed Pelado, told officers he used a firearm to kill Pereira and Phillips

Colombia

Los grupos armados que se lucran del narcotráfico avanzaron en los últimos años sobre las fronteras con Venezuela, Ecuador y Panamá

MAPP/OEA expresa su altísima preocupación por la persistencia de acciones violentas por parte de grupos armados ilegales que afectan gravemente a las comunidades

Con estas detenciones el Fiscal General de la Nación mantiene una política de persecución, estigmatización y judicialización de la protesta social a los líderes sociales que acompañan las justas protestas

El sector de veteranos de la Fuerza Pública que adhirió a Gustavo Petro no lo ayuda a despolitizar sus propuestas de reforma a esta institución

Rodolfo Hernández bills himself as a paragon of democracy and a successful businessman who cares for the poor. A trip to Bucaramanga, the mountain-fringed city where he built his empire, reveals a different picture

El Salvador

InSight Crime focuses on the stories of Elvis and Flaca, two former gang members who left the MS13 for the church. Their experiences with violence, abortion and homosexuality reflect both what divides and unites these two ways of life

Mexico

Una sargento narra a EL PAÍS las trabas y el riesgo de acusar a un superior de una agresión sufrida en las instalaciones militares

Entregar la Guardia Nacional a la SEDENA sería el último clavo en el ataúd del Estado democrático de derecho

Cientos de migrantes siguen varados en la Central de Autobuses de Monterrey la mañana de este miércoles, casi 24 horas después de haber sido dejados a su suerte por autoridades del Instituto Nacional de Migración

U.S.-Mexico Border

When I learned of the death of Anastasio Hernández-Rojas, I felt I was in some way connected to it – I knew too much about how the system worked

May’s tally of migrant arrests surpassed the previous monthly record U.S. Border Patrol set in March 2000, when the agency recorded 220,000 apprehensions

More asylum seekers are risking their lives to cross deserts or trek over mountains to reach the U.S. during perilous summer months

The number of unique individuals encountered nationwide in May 2022 was 177,793, a 15 percent increase in the number of unique enforcement encounters over the prior month

Thousands of kids have been routinely detained in cold, overcrowded cells built for adults, while authorities have resisted improving conditions

Venezuela

To date, over 6.1 million have left their homes, of which 5 million are in the Americas

If implemented well, a mechanism allowing interested civil society actors to participate directly or indirectly could benefit future negotiations between political actors in Venezuela

The Nicolás Maduro regime has been exploiting the growth of armed groups in Venezuela, encouraging the strengthening of some illegal groups considered useful for social control and repression

Latin America Security-Related News: June 15, 2022

(Even more here)

June 15, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

Eduardo Núñez, director del programa de Seguridad Pública en Centroamérica del NDI, señala que los mecanismos internacionales deben reinventarse

Los acuerdos que firmaron Estados Unidos y países de América Latina en la Cumbre de las Américas sobre el derecho de asilo, las causas del desplazamiento o las alternativas legales para la migración son positivos, pero también hay muchas interrogantes

Carolina Jiménez Sandoval, president of WOLA, says that the recent Summit of the Americas failed to include a deep reflection or debate on how to curb authoritarianism

Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay

El Primer Comando Capital no es un grupo criminal tradicional. Sus miembros se definen como una “hermandad”

Argentina, Venezuela

Los posibles vínculos de la firma de Irán que manejaba la nave con una fuerza militar considerada terrorista. El enigma de la tripulación y los viajes previos

Brazil

Suspect is brother of first person held by police over disappearance of the British journalist and Indigenous rights activist

Central America Regional

This report, informed by the Dialogue’s Task Force on Climate Change in the Northern Triangle, complements the recommendations of the previous report in the series, on themes such as agriculture, water, energy, and finance, with strategic recommendations for US assistance to foster effective and sustainable adaptation, especially through empowering local leadership

Colombia

Un informe publicado por decenas de organizaciones sociales, bajo la Coordinación Colombia Europa Estados Unidos, raja al gobierno de Iván Duque en derechos humanos e implementación de la paz

El candidato de izquierdas les promete vivienda, salud y educación como parte de su propuesta de transformación de la fuerza pública

Los habitantes de varios municipios en los departamentos de Cauca, Nariño, Caquetá y Guaviare han vivido en las últimas semanas con temor ante las amenazas de disidencias de las Farc que estarían presionándolos en su intención de voto en las elecciones de este 19 de junio

Those concerns came to a head in January, when a military spouse anonymously texted a senior enlisted leader in 1st Security Force Assistance Brigade and directly accused an advising team in Tolemaida, Colombia, of debauchery

Cuba

Of those, 36 people were sentenced to up to 25 years in prison for sedition

El Salvador

Llamamos a la comunidad internacional a seguir vigilando de cerca la situación de El Salvador y a exigir al Estado salvadoreño el cumplimiento de sus compromisos internacionales en materia de respeto a los derechos humanos

Guatemala

Fiscalía contra la Corrupción asegura que no encontró indicios para poder perseguir penalmente al exmandatario

Haiti

Many of the customers are Haitians who had been living in Chile and Brazil before they made their way to the Texas border in September, only to be expelled by the Biden administration and prevented from seeking asylum

Haiti, U.S.-Mexico Border

Customs and Border Protection’s Office of Professional Responsibility is investigating the creation of the coins and whether anyone at CBP is selling them

Mexico

The Mexican state of Veracruz hired a prominent lawyer to recover billions laundered in the Houston suburbs. Then things went awry

Colectivos presentan “amicus curiae” para respaldar acción de inconstitucionalidad en contra de las leyes secundarias del cuerpo de seguridad

Se transformó el tipo de violencias ejercidas hacia las mujeres. Es decir, con la estrategia militarizada, México se volvió un país armado. Tenemos un país altamente armado y eso tiene consecuencias muy puntuales

Durante casi cinco horas dispararon, quemaron vehículos, bloquearon calles, tomaron el control de una parte de San Cristóbal de Las Casas y, hasta que empezó la lluvia, o se hartaron, se fueron sin que ninguna autoridad se presentara en la zona afectada

Panama

La Defensoría del Pueblo de Colombia alertó este lunes, 13 de junio, que en mayo pasaron por el Darién, frontera de Colombia y Panamá, 210 niños sin compañía de adultos

Panama, Venezuela

La organización ha atendido a 100 pacientes por violencia sexual, y en salud mental se atienden en promedio siete pacientes cada día por problemas asociados a ansiedad, depresión, estrés agudo y otras afectaciones que deja el peligroso trayecto del tapón del Darién

U.S.-Mexico Border

Beacons placed in desert for those making dangerous crossing from Mexico in summer

The initial evidence from just six months of operation under MPP 2.0 is that history is largely repeating itself

Latin America Security-Related News: June 14, 2022

(Even more here)

June 14, 2022

Argentina, Venezuela

Until being sold to Emtrasur about a year ago, the plane had been owned by Mahan Air of Iran, a line the U.S. government has sanctioned for allegedly aiding the Quds Force and terrorist activities

Brazil

A meeting between the two presidents in Los Angeles foreshadowed bigger trouble ahead, as Bolsonaro looks set to challenge the vote

Colombia

Some politicians and business people fear Petro’s potential triumph could spark mutiny among the military, but eleven active officials from the army, air force, navy and police Reuters spoke to all ruled out that possibility

Jurisdicción le imputó ese delito a los excomandantes y ellos se negarán a aceptarlo

La Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz (JEP) acaba de reprender al director del Centro Nacional de Memoria Histórica, Darío Acevedo, por querer olvidar a propósito el papel del paramilitarismo en el conflicto armado colombiano

El gobierno de Iván Duque señala que la muerte de este líder de las disidencias de las Farc en el Cauca representa un triunfo para la seguridad

Hasta el momento se desconoce el paradero de Omar, quien es integrante del Comité Veredal del Consejo Comunitario y funge como sepulturero en la comunidad

El Salvador

Entre los militares entrevistados para este reportaje reina el miedo a las represalias y algunos ya dan por hecho que, aunque la Constitución del país prohíbe la reelección, Bukele comenzará su segundo mandato en 2024

Guatemala

El elevado costo de la canasta básica ha puesto en riesgo la seguridad alimentaria de millones de guatemaltecos, según cifras oficiales

Mexico

Tuvimos 35,500 militares desplegados en promedio anual en tareas de seguridad pública en el sexenio de Vicente Fox y para mayo de 2022 el número llegó a 239,865

Desde la madrugada de este lunes, los migrantes de origen venezolano y cubano, en su mayoría, además de colombianos, haitianos y centroamericanos, comenzaron a abarrotar las calles de acceso del INAMI y de COMAR

Diversos ataques provocaron que 257 personas perdieran la vida de manera violenta durante el fin de semana pasado

Nicaragua

The U.S. remains deeply concerned about the regime’s unjust detentions of political prisoners and ongoing abuses against members of civil society, and committed to the restoration of democracy and respect for human rights in Nicaragua

U.S.-Mexico Border

For months, agents have warned that morale within the ranks of the federal law enforcement organization is sinking, but the last shreds of spirit have since been dashed by outright animosity from the Biden administration

Uruguay

Horas después la muy reciente aprobación unánime del acuerdo de Defensa de Uruguay con China, rápidamente votada en la Comisión de Relaciones Internacionales del Senado, el Parlamento decidió no continuar

Latin America Security-Related News: June 13, 2022

(Even more here)

June 13, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

The Summit of the Americas, hosted this year by Joe Biden, offers a measure of how far the U.S. has fallen

China’s powerful banks and state-owned enterprises have long been expanding their influence in the hemisphere

We remain committed to collectively leveraging the benefits of migration while addressing its challenges in countries and communities of origin, transit, destination, and return

President Biden is trying to confront repeated surges of migrants at the U.S. border by casting the issue as a problem for the entire region, not just the United States

Argentina

El Estado Mayor Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas argentinas ha iniciado las gestiones para incorporar cuatro helicópteros pesados Boeing CH-47 Chinook

As in the rest of Latin America, Chinese businesses in Argentina lack transparency and have many close relationships with political sectors

Argentina, Venezuela

A Irán le vendría muy bien acceder a la tecnología, que la Argentina domina, que le permitiría obtener plutonio 239 y cerrar el ciclo para el uso militar de la energía nuclear. En lenguaje liso y llano, la bomba

Bolivia

Áñez was convicted by the court of dereliction of duty and acting against the constitution when she proclaimed herself president in what Morales and his party have called a coup

Brazil

The leaders of Brazil’s armed forces have suddenly begun raising similar doubts about the integrity of the elections, despite little evidence of past fraud, ratcheting up already high tensions

Bruno Pereira and Dom Phillips went missing in the western Amazon, but the search has been called inefficient

A main line of police investigation into the disappearance of a British journalist and an Indigenous official in the Amazon points to an international network that pays poor fishermen to fish illegally in Brazil’s second-largest Indigenous territory

Colombia

El ambiente político de los ex combatientes y cómo poco a poco han quedado desolados ante la creciente de las elecciones presidenciales

Luego de que la Corte Constitucional tumbó en enero pasado el Plan de Manejo Ambiental aprobado por la Autoridad Nacional de Licencias Ambientales (Anla), esta entidad estudia uno nuevo en medio de lo que las organizaciones califican como un trámite exprés que no cumple con los requisitos establecidos

Un informe presentado por la Comisión Colombiana de Juristas ante la JEP afirma que la Fiscalía tiene identificados a miembros del Ejército, la Policía y agentes del DAS que habrían participado de crímenes contra defensores de derechos humanos

Vorágine revela la declaración que un exsoldado dio ante un fiscal, en la que da detalles de una alianza entre los paramilitares y una unidad que estaba en cabeza del hoy comandante del Ejército cuando era capitán

Será una prueba de fuego para la democracia colombiana y demandará mucha responsabilidad y prudencia de todos los actores que la integran

De llegar a la presidencia, Gustavo Petro tendrá un reto mayor: establecer una relación armónica y transformadora con las Fuerzas Armadas. No será fácil. Las prevenciones y las distancias son enormes

El cabecilla del frente 36 salió de su refugio en el Norte de Antioquia, al parecer por grave enfermedad, y fue dado de baja en el Valle de Aburrá

The United States is about to lose its best friend in Latin America

El Salvador, Honduras

La viceministra de seguridad, Julissa Villanueva, considera que adoptar la política agresiva de seguridad del presidente de El Salvador, Nayib Bukele, bajo el denominado “Plan Control Territorial”

Haiti, Mexico

Two Haitian migrants in Tijuana were the most recent to die under circumstances that the community attributes to systemic racism in Mexico’s hospitals and U.S. border policy

Honduras

¿Iba a entregarse el día de su muerte? ¿Pertenecía a una pandilla? ¿Por qué hay contradicciones en la versión de la Policía?

Mexico

In its statement, the Mexican migration agency did not specify what kind of documents were issued but most of the migrants showed papers that gave them a period of one month or more to leave the country or begin regularization procedures

Some 6,000 migrants, many of them from Venezuela, set off from southern Mexico last week as leaders from across the Americas met in Los Angeles to discuss issues including migration

En 110 ventanillas de las oficinas de representación del INM se atendió a casi 7 mil personas

33 se ahogaron debido a la fuerza de la corriente, la profundidad y las bajas temperaturas del Río Bravo en los estados de Coahuila y Tamaulipas

Nicaragua

Funcionario de EEUU dice que gobierno de Joe Bide analiza poner en marcha “medidas contundentes” contra Managua por intercambio con tropas rusas

Venezuela

A photo accompanying the opposition statement shows Juan Guaidó being held back as people gather around him and someone rips his shirt off

Latin America-related events in Washington and online this week

All times are U.S. Eastern time zone.

Monday, June 13

  • 1:00-2:00 at georgetown.edu: What to Expect from the Colombian Presidential Elections (RSVP required).

Tuesday, June 14

Wednesday, June 15

Thursday, June 16

Big increase in Venezuelans coming through Panama’s Darién Gap

The Panamanian Migration Service’s latest data show a 145 percent increase, from April to May, in migrants coming through the dangerous, ungoverned Darién Gap jungles. 13,894 people took this several-day walk in May, risking drowning, disease, and assault, theft, and rape from criminal groups that operate with total impunity.

That’s not a record—more migrants passed through the Darién in July-October of last year, a period when Haitians who had been living in South America massively migrated toward the United States.

This year, most migrants are Venezuelan: 71 percent in May, and 51 percent in January-May. Venezuelan migration through the Darién was 43 percent greater in May than in the first four months of the year combined. Migration of Colombian and Ecuadorian citizens in May was also nearly double the January-April total.

Until recently, Venezuelans seeking to migrate toward the United States would mostly arrive by air to Mexico, which did not require visas of visiting Venezuelan tourists. That route got shut down on January 21 when Mexico, at very strong U.S. suggestion, began imposing visa requirements for visiting Venezuelans.

Venezuelans are now taking to the treacherous land route. Once they make it through Panama, most are ending up in the Mexican southern-border zone city of Tapachula, where they are stranded. Venezuelans made up most of the attempted migrant “caravan” that left Tapachula a week ago. That caravan made headlines but is now mostly dispersed, as Mexican migration authorities have been providing visas allowing migrants to leave Tapachula.

Latin America Security-Related News: June 10, 2022

(Even more here)

June 10, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

In preparation for the Summit, the United States and other countries in the region developed a suite of bold new migration-related deliverables

Biden’s summit plan echoes his Indo-Pacific strategy: rewarding and bolstering nominally democratic allies while marginalizing Chinese-aligned autocratic states

Under an accord President Biden will unveil at the Summit of the Americas, several countries commit to taking in more asylum-seekers, among other steps

President Joe Biden and other Western Hemisphere leaders on Friday announced what is being billed as a roadmap for countries to host large numbers of migrants and refugees

First regional gathering in US in quarter century marred by squabbling over who could attend

Brazil

Jair Bolsonaro’s dog-whistle politics is risking the lives of Indigenous people and the reporters who tell their stories

Indigenous activists have been searching for the missing pair since just hours after they vanished, with support from armed members of the military police

The largest refuge for Indigenous tribes living in isolation is also a hotspot for poachers and illegal loggers and a major smuggling route for cocaine traffickers

It’s clear Bolsonaro would rather be meeting a different U.S. president, but finally meeting Biden (they hadn’t previously spoken) will likely help him counter the narrative that he’s isolated internationally

A staunch ally of former President Donald Trump, Bolsonaro has never disguised his displeasure at the Democrat’s victory and has sometimes publicly repeated the baseless accusation of fraud in the 2020 U.S. elections

Colombia

In an operation, an “UAS Spray Team (UST)” at a base in Colombia would receive a geo-fenced polygon of the intended spray area based on high-resolution imagery or other means

In the specific context of Colombia, this ‘head in the sand’ approach is demonstrably untenable, given the risks faced by human rights defenders who highlight human rights violations caused or exacerbated by business activities

Fuentes del caso señalan que esto podría ocurrir por acciones dilatorias de los abogados de Pérez y el cambio de juez en el proceso

En un nuevo informe de Viso Mutop, Ricardo Vargas investigador asociado, explora el origen y desarrollo de los modelos de Erradicacio?n Manual Forzosa EMF

As presidential elections take way in Colombia, the Washington Office on Latin America’s (WOLA) Colombia program has continued to receive alarming information about the ongoing persecution and stigmatization against social leaders, human rights defenders, and civil society organizations in the country

Ecuador

Analistas ven positiva esta propuesta, pero creen que Ecuador deberá tener claro qué requiere y qué está haciendo para combatir el narcotráfico

El Salvador

Journalists in El Salvador who write about gangs can now be sent to prison. Two brothers defy the law with a story tying President Nayib Bukele to violent street gangs

Another request to set up a call with Blinken, made through the U.S. Embassy in San Salvador, was similarly rebuffed

Guatemala

Mientras el Congreso ratificaba el estado de Sitio en Tajumulco e Ixchiguán, las fuerzas de seguridad retomaron la seguridad y descubrieron varios búnker desde donde se coordinaban ataques armados

Haiti

The uptick has rekindled criticism that the Biden administration treats Black migrants differently than others, an allegation it denies

Mexico

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A group of about 2,000 mainly younger male migrants set out walking Thursday from the southern town of Huixtla

El pasado 6 de junio, un grupo de aproximadamente 50 personas protestaron en el patio y frente de la Estación Migratoria Siglo XXI, ante la falta de información sobre sus procedimientos migratorios, la escasez de alimentos y las restricciones de visitas y contacto con el exterio

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El secuestro y desaparición de personas se ha vuelto constante en esa región; sin embargo, en la mayoría de las ocasiones los familiares no han hecho denuncias

Nicaragua

Daniel Ortega es un aliado incondicional de Rusia desde su primer gobierno en la década de 1980

Panama

Relations with China have cooled during the Laurentino Cortizo administration due to strong criticism of infrastructure projects

U.S.-Mexico Border

The U.S. Supreme Court on Wednesday made it nearly impossible for Americans to sue federal law enforcement officers who violate their constitutional rights, further narrowing the already limited path to hold U.S. officials accountable for even egregious misuse of their authority

  • Rafia Zakaria, Let Us Prey (The Baffler, June 10, 2022).

As Texas authorities insist on hunting down humans they call “illegal,” a predatory culture claims more victims

Three Points Station and Casa Grande Station personnel will be supporting the deployment of new Heat Stress Kits/Go-Bags that will be distributed to 500 agents

Venezuela

Venezuelan President Nicolas announced on Friday that a 20-year cooperation plan with Iran will be signed, as he arrived in Tehran

Latin America Security-Related News: June 9, 2022

(Even more here)

June 9, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

The “Los Angeles Declaration,” to be announced while Biden meets with his counterparts from North, Central and South America, is a brief call to action that supporters hope will guide countries on one of the most pressing issues surrounding migration — hosting people fleeing violence and persecution

Defesnores de derechos humanos advierten que el enfoque migratorio de los países que integran la Cumbre de las Américas no privilegia los DDHH

Brazil

Crime there is rife and government oversight scant, adding to fears about the duo’s whereabouts and condition

Since President Bolsonaro took office, however, we have seen Brazil led down a path more reminiscent of its authoritarian past than the proud, vibrant democracy the Brazilian people built from the ashes of its military dictatorship

Joe Biden is preparing for an awkward first meeting with Brazil’s far-right leader, who has raised doubts not only about his own country’s voting but about the legitimacy of the US president’s election

Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay, Venezuela

Segun la policia colombiana, el PCC de Brasil, uno de los grupos mafiosos mas poderosos de Sudameica, coordino el homicidio de Marcelo Pecci

Colombia

Durante los últimos meses había estado al frente del espacio humanitario en esa zona para proteger a los pobladores del recrudecimiento de la guerra en la región

Ecuador

La norma, de 74 artículos, regulará a las servidoras y servidores de la Policía Nacional, Fuerzas Armadas y del Cuerpo de Seguridad y Vigilancia Penitenciaria

El Salvador

Sus familiares señalan que sus capturas son ilegales. Por eso presentaron un recurso de habeas corpus ante la Sala de lo Constitucional. Hasta ahora se registran 51 denuncias de capturas arbitrarias en la zona

At least 38,000 people have been arrested under Nayib Bukele’s draconic state of exemption

Guatemala

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Mexico

The Mexican government will attempt to quell a massive caravan of migrants traveling through the country to the United States’s southern border with the issuance of 1,000 humanitarian visas

The INM, which has been criticized for its sometimes brutal treatment of migrants, announced that it was ready to provide the participants in the caravan with transit permits

Homicide rate increases in Mexico are widely attributed to heightened DTO-related violence, often tied to territorial control over drug routes and criminal influence

Madres y padres de los normalistas desaparecidos y alumnos bloquearon la Autopista del Sol. Reclamaron al gobierno federal por la falta de avances en el caso y exigieron que se indague al Ejército y a la Marina

Mexico, Venezuela

Venezuelans make up a large proportion of this caravan, the biggest of the year, in contrast to previous ones. A factor appears to be a policy change implemented by Mexico in January requiring Venezuelans to acquire a visa to enter the country

U.S.-Mexico Border

Justice Sonia Sotomayor wrote that the court had “absolutely immunized from liability” thousands of Border Patrol agents “no matter how egregious the misconduct or resultant injury”

Egbert v. Boule is a severe blow to the proposition that law enforcement must obey the Constitution

DHS officials have jokingly referred to the model as the “Abbott plan,” an official said, referring to Texas Gov. Abbott’s decision to bus migrants from Texas to D.C.

The undersigned civil society organizations write to urge immediate action to preserve asylum and refugee law at the United States’ borders to the fullest extent, consistent with current court decisions concerning the use of Title 42

Venezuela

In what may be an attempt at damage control, Biden on Wednesday spoke with Guaidó. It was the first time the two leaders have spoken

If you can’t get an invitation to the biggest party in town, act like you’re too busy to care

Latin America Security-Related News: June 8, 2022

(Even more here)

June 8, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

  • El Negocio de la Represion (Animal Político, cerosetenta, El Deber, Efecto Cocuyo, El País América, El Universo, Interferencia, No Ficción, Revista Anfibia, UOL, Noticias Telemundo, Centro Latinoamericano de Investigación Periodística, June 8, 2022).

En los últimos cinco años en América Latina ha habido por lo menos veinte protestas ciudadanas de gran envergadura. Esperanzadoras y creativas, pero también fuertes y rabiosas

Ni en América Latina ni en Estados Unidos la casa parece estar en orden

Brazil

Indigenous expert last seen travelling with British journalist Dom Phillips was ousted from official role after Bolsonaro took office

Bolsonaro has not held many bilateral meetings in his three years as president

Colombia

Five years after the signing of the Final Agreement, the status of overall implementation shows 30% of provisions complete, 19% in intermediate status, 37% in minimal implementation status and 15 percent uninitiated

En este resguardo indígena de Buenos Aires (Cauca) hay 312 hectáreas de coca sembradas. Autoridades indígenas intentan prevenir que más jóvenes se vayan a trabajar a los cultivos ilícitos

Al menos 150 indígenas embera katío buscan refugio en Medellín, tras la ola de violencia e intimidación que azota a Chocó desde que los paramilitares se adueñaron de la región

En cuanto a los presuntos actores agresores, la Polici?a es el mayor presunto responsable con par- ticipacio?n exclusiva en 62,7% de los casos

Cuba, Nicaragua, Venezuela

Activists, dissidents and artists from countries not invited to the Summit of the Americas have made their way to Los Angeles for the event this week

Ecuador

Las estadísticas de la Fiscalía reflejan el nivel de impunidad detrás de la violencia de octubre de 2019. Esta institución recibió 743 denuncias relacionadas con esas protestas, la mayor parte por daño de bienes, pero solo en 66 casos ha habido personas procesadas

Guatemala

El decreto publicado por la Presidencia de la República establece que el estado de Sitio en estos dos municipios de San Macos será por 30 días

Mexico

The large group of migrants of a score of nationalities – most of them Venezuelan – resumed their journey on Tuesday morning from Alvaro Obregon, a community located 15 kilometers (9.3 miles) from the caravan start point in Tapachula

La caravana se dividió en dos partes, unos 4 mil se adelantaron y comenzaron a caminar a las 3 de la madrugada, otro contingentes de unos 6 mil más esperaron a las 5 de la mañana y comenzaron la marcha

Las detenciones y repatriaciones aumentaron 20 por ciento entre el primer trimestre de 2021 a comparación del mismo periodo de 2022

Despite the rollout of new measures to protect human rights in Mexico, the country has reached grim new violence milestones in recent years

As criminal organizations control more territory in less-populated regions, health care workers, caught in the crossfire, grow reluctant to work in such places

Peru

El Ministerio de Defensa rechazó las insinuaciones que señalan que las FF. AA habrían tomado partido por un sector político y recordó que no son deliberantes de acuerdo al artículo 169 de la Constitución

U.S.-Mexico Border

Internal data from U.S. Customs and Border Protection shared with the Washington Examiner show that nearly 4,000 of 21,000 total agents admitted to being unvaccinated as of late November 2021

In a vehicle pursuit that killed our client’s son, a newly-uncovered report shows Border Patrol’s unauthorized, conflict-ridden Critical Incident Team are the lead investigators

The children were being reunited too quickly with their parents, an official wrote on a Friday night in late May 2018

Latin America Security-Related News: June 7, 2022

(Even more here)

June 7, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

The real test will be whether the commitments and declarations emerging from the Summit include clear plans of action with specific timelines, and ways for civil society actors to actively participate in the follow-up process

The first Summit of the Americas, in Miami in 1994, opened up an era of promise. Since then, democratic backsliding and a return to autocratic leaders has threatened to overshadow the event

Brazil

Dom Phillips and Bruno Araújo Pereira were last seen Sunday morning traveling in a boat in the northern Brazilian state of Amazonas

Colombia

Rodolfo Hernández admits he doesn’t know the country well, but doesn’t think it matters. Neither, it seems, do his supporters

El enfrentamiento entre la guerrilla y grupos de narcotraficantes hacen de ella una de las ciudades con mayor tasa de homicidios del planeta

Cinco años después de que estos programas se pusieran en marcha, la FIP cree que es posible trabajar sobre lo que ya está hecho y, sobre todo, darle un nuevo impulso a la participación

Washington nos obsequió una distinción simbólica, con algunos beneficios militares y económicos. ¿Qué implica esta decisión para las relaciones entre los dos países?

Cuba, Mexico

La decisión del Presidente Andrés Manuel López Obrador de no acudir a la Cumbre de las Américas en Los Ángeles esta semana es un apoyo preocupante a “dictadores” del hemisferio, aseguró este lunes Bob Menéndez, presidente del Comité de Relaciones Exteriores del Senado de Estados Unidos

El Salvador

Un joven fue capturado el 2 de abril en Atiquizaya bajo el régimen de excepción. Murió el 3 de junio y ayer lo sepultaron. Imágenes del cadáver muestran claras evidencias de tortura, afirman familiares

El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras

Like previous administrations, finding a reliable partner in the region has proved difficult

Guatemala

Several former Guatemalan judicial leaders in exile and faith-based and nonprofit groups are asking the United States to impose sanctions against Guatemala to stop what they call a “corrupt” regime controlling the Central American country

Mexico

Several thousand migrants set out walking in the rain early Monday in southern Mexico, tired of waiting to normalize their status

Unos cinco mil migrantes, el 80 por ciento de ellos venezolanos, salieron este lunes en uan marcha caravana desde Tapachula para adentrarse en territorio mexicano y avanzar hacia la frontera con Estados Unidos

Mexico, Western Hemisphere Regional

To the surprise of many, the U.S. in early 2019 offered to host the summit. At the time, the Trump administration was enjoying something of a leadership renaissance in Latin America, albeit among mostly similar-minded conservative governments

U.S.-Mexico Border

Flights to countries now accepting T42 flights, Haiti (36), Guatemala (32), Honduras (30), Colombia (21), El Salvador (12), and Brazil (1), made up 95% of all removal flights in May

Uruguay

The focus of this particular JCET training was defensive operations, medical response and civilian protection, which included cargo and military airdrops, deployment of specialized personnel, and humanitarian relief in crisis or disaster situations, whether natural or man-made

Venezuela

La Organización No Gubernamental (ONG) Fundaredes, informó este lunes que durante el mes de mayo se registraron 35 homicidios, 17 desapariciones y ocho enfrentamientos armados en seis de los ocho estados fronterizos

The ugly logic of sanctions is to make conditions so intolerable that people rise up against Maduro or the military removes him. That hasn’t happened and there’s no reason to think it will

Latin America Security-Related News: June 6, 2022

(Even more here)

June 6, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

Even some progressive Democrats have criticized the administration for bowing to pressure from exiles in the swing state of Florida and barring communist Cuba, which attended the last two summits

Argentina

La defensa en el Cono Sur se debe articular con fines pacíficos, democráticos y soberanos

Chile

Gabriel Boric promises sweeping social change. In a nation of duelling political extremes, he’ll need to sell his vision not just to his opponents but also to his allies

Colombia

Con dos candidatos que no tienen la serenidad como virtud, las implicaciones de recurrir a esta figura son altamente riesgosas porque el presidente gozaría de poderes extraordinarios sin ningún control inmediato

La llegada de Petro o de Hernández a la casa de Nariño podría deteriorar las relaciones entre Colombia y Estados Unidos. Son muchos los motivos

Vorágine reconstruye, a partir del expediente, los hechos del 3 de mayo de 2021 en los que fueron asesinados Kevin Agudelo Jiménez, José Emilson Ambuila y Harold Rodríguez Mellizo

Los grupos armados en el norte del Cauca persiguen a los muchachos de este municipio para reclutarlos y cargarlos con armas o coca

The authors find that although hard-power techniques can be effective in reducing coca cultivation and trafficking, broader issues — particularly in rural areas — need to be addressed, such as building licit economies, extending institutions and infrastructure, and promoting societal well-being

Colombia, Venezuela

Del fracaso del “cerco diplomático” a la compleja reinstitucionalización de la relación bilateral con Venezuela, el próximo gobierno de Colombia necesita una nueva estrategia para tratar con Caracas

Cuba, Nicaragua, Venezuela

The Biden administration has made a final decision against inviting the governments of Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua to a regional summit this week, bucking calls from Mexico’s president

Guatemala

Es una total inepcia censurar los datos oficiales de violencia: primero, porque ello no elimina el problema, ni siquiera lo disimula y, por el contrario, denota la aversión oficialista a reconocer su realidad

Honduras

Juan Orlando Hernandez is being represented by a curious combination of lawyers, rabbis and a colorful private detective

Mexico

Las autoridades mexicanas cerraron durante la madrugada la circulación de avenidas para buscar a más migrantes en los hoteles y las calles

La lucha por el respeto a los derechos de las personas en movilidad toma nuevas formas

Migrants and asylum seekers who enter Mexico through its southern border face abuses and struggle to obtain protection or legal status as a result of policies aimed at preventing them from reaching the US

La investigación de las desapariciones en la franja fronteriza de Chihuahua con Estados Unidos arroja un patrón inquietante: muchos migrantes desaparecen en las zonas controladas por el Cártel de Juárez

Hombres armados robaron tres urnas en Reynosa y Matamoros, además de que la amenaza de un tiroteo suspendió el recuento en una casilla de Miguel Alemán

U.S.-Mexico Border

Texas spends millions to stop illegal immigration, but local officials say priorities need to be balanced

The southern border is seeing a historic spike in migrant crossings. A New York Times photographer documented three ways that people cross the border into the United States

Latin America-related events online and in Washington this week

All times are U.S. Eastern time zone.

Tuesday, June 7

  • 4:30-7:00 at migrationpolicy.org and in Los Angeles: A Path to Self-Sufficiency: Advancing Venezuelan Refugee Integration in the Americas (RSVP required).
  • 8:00-9:30 on Zoom and in Los Angeles: From Deterrence To Integration: Civil Society Voices On Migration Policy Challenges and Good Practices In The Americas (RSVP required).
  • 8:00 on Facebook and YouTube and in Los Angeles: Peaceful Demonstrations in Latin America: Reflections on Cuba one year after #11J (RSVP required).

Wednesday, June 8

Friday, June 10

  • 1:00-3:30 at Zoom and in Los Angeles: The State of Democracy in Latin America and the World (RSVP required).
  • 10:00PM in Los Angeles and at atlanticcouncil.org: The joint future of the Caribbean working with Latin America (RSVP required).

Latin America Security-Related News: June 3, 2022

(Even more here)

June 3, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

Chapter IV.B mentions the States of Cuba, Nicaragua, Venezuela, and Guatemala, where serious human rights violations and attacks on democratic institutions are rife

Brazil

Brazil is heading towards a presidential election which will have a profound impact on the country’s place in the world

Colombia

Petro’s lead and Hernández’s surge dealt a heavy blow to Colombia’s traditional political machines

Dominican Republic

Al cuerpo policial le fueron sumados más de mil solda­dos de las Fuerzas Armadas, repartidos en los barrios del Gran Santo Domingo y pro­vincias del interior del país

El Salvador

The Salvadoran authorities have committed massive human rights violations during the ongoing state of emergency

Over the past 10 weeks, El Salvador’s security forces have arrested more than 36,000 people since the congress granted President Nayib Bukele the power to suspend some civil liberties to pursue powerful street gangs

Haiti, U.S.-Mexico Border

With a strong message of rejection of the migration policies implemented by the governments of the United States and Mexico, the Haitian community residing in this city lamented the death of two of its members who, in two separate events, lost their lives on May 5

Mexico

Thousands of people huddled together for protection move north as leaders gather for Biden’s Summit of the Americas in LA

Here in Baja California, there’s one small unit of state police — 10 men and two women — assigned to catch them. Officially, they’re the International Liaison Unit. But they’re known by another name: the Gringo Hunters

Nicaragua

Nicaragua’s Sandinista-controlled congress has cancelled nearly 200 nongovernmental organizations this week, ranging from a local equestrian center to the 94-year-old Nicaraguan Academy of Letters

Peru

Peru’s Amazon is being razed at an alarming rate. This investigation unravels the broad range of environmental crimes driving forest loss

U.S.-Mexico Border

About 6,000 troops were still stationed along the river as of May 27 on a state-sponsored mission known as Operation Lone Star

Carla Provost came under scrutiny during the Trump administration for child deaths in custody, family separation and her membership in a xenophobic Facebook group

Latin America Security-Related News: June 2, 2022

(Even more here)

June 2, 2022

Western Hemisphere Regional

From a U.S. perspective, there is next to nothing outside of geography that links our relationship with Belize and Brazil; Guatemala and Grenada; Colombia and St. Kitts and Nevis

Brazil

Many observers expected President Biden to change this dynamic. Yet, he appears instead to have engaged in transactional diplomacy in Brazil—remaining silent in the face of Bolsonaro’s serious democratic backsliding

Chile

La primera cuenta pública del Presidente Gabriel Boric marcó una distancia sideral de los conceptos que formaron parte de su camino a La Moneda

Colombia

Rodolfo Hernández tendría, en un eventual gobierno, varios meses de maniobra para expedir decretos con fuerza de ley mientras la Corte se pronuncia sobre la legalidad de sus actos

Ecuador

Este proyecto tiene como objetivo normar el uso legítimo excepcional de la fuerza por parte del Estado, conferido a las servidoras y servidores de la Policía Nacional, de las Fuerzas Armadas y del Cuerpo de Seguridad y Vigilancia Penitenciaria

La Oficina Internacional de Asuntos Antinarcóticos y Cumplimiento de la Ley de Estados Unidos (INL) entregó este miércoles al gobierno de Ecuador equipos tecnológicos y polígrafos

Honduras

De agredir a una oficial de policía durante un partido de futbol el domingo, pasó a ser la persona más buscada en Honduras y 48 horas después fue abatido por policías en un hecho sospechoso

Mexico

De la visión negativa de la policía como institución, se desprende la relación distante entre la sociedad y los policías, como ciudadanos y como servidores públicos

"Tenemos muchas ganas de que el Presidente López Obrador esté allí. El Presidente de EU quiere muy personalmente al Presidente de México allí", dijo hoy Juan González

The new WOLA report, Struggling to Survive: the Situation of Asylum Seekers in Tapachula, Mexico, follows the route of asylum seekers arriving in Tapachula. It draws on a March 2022 visit

U.S.-Mexico Border

En los últimos tres años y medio, 499 personas que fueron marcadas por el FBI como “terroristas” han sido detenidas en la frontera mexicana en su intento de ingresar a Estados Unidos https://www.milenio.com/politica/eu-cazo-2019-499-terroristas-frontera-mexico

Shelter staff says what’s being left out of the bitter partisan immigration battles in Congress is the fact that so many people are fleeing dangerous situations right now, as violence and global instability has risen

Venezuela

Los cuerpos de seguridad del Estado son otra vez los principales responsables de los homicidios en Lara y Caracas, donde se les atribuye la responsabilidad en 46 % y 34 % de los casos

La Casa Blanca explicó este miércoles que todavía reconoce a Juan Guaidó como el presidente interino de Venezuela, pero descartó invitarlo a la Cumbre de las Américas

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