Looking at this, three things jump out at you:
- Until about 10 years ago, the migrant population at the U.S.-Mexico border was almost completely Mexican citizens (blue). More than 90 percent Mexican until 2009. More than 80 percent Mexican until 2012. Just 31 percent Mexican in 2023.
- Until the pandemic hit, the migrant population was almost completely Mexican, Salvadoran, Guatemalan, or Honduran (blue, darker green, brown, yellow). More than 90 percent came from those four countries until 2019; their share dropped to 89 percent in 2020. But just 54 percent came from those four countries in 2023.
- Since the pandemic, the diversity of nationalities apprehended at the U.S.-Mexico border has multiplied. The arrival of more migrants from Cuba, Haiti, and South America reflects increasing insecurity and economic desperation, but also the emergence of new routes further south, like the “opening” of the Darién Gap and aerial arrivals in Nicaragua.
- Haiti Led Nationalities of In-Transit Migration Through Honduras in October
- Venezuela Was the Number-One Nationality of Migrants at the U.S.-Mexico Border in September
- Sketchy Data Indicate that Migration May Be Leveling Off, or Even Decreasing, at the Border Since September
- Darién Gap Migration Through September
- 90,639 People Migrated in Transit Across Honduras in September
- Asylum Requests in Mexico by Nationality